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This IBM® Redbooks® publication presents a general introduction to the latest (current) IBM tape and tape library technologies. Featured tape technologies include the IBM LTO Ultrium and Enterprise 3592 tape drives, and their implementation in IBM tape libraries.

This 17th edition includes information about the latest TS4300 Ultrium tape library, TS1155 Enterprise tape drive, and the IBM Linear Tape-Open (LTO) Ultrium 8 tape drive, along with technical information about each IBM tape product for open systems. It includes generalized sections about Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) and Fibre Channel connections, and multipath architecture configurations.

This book also covers tools and techniques for library management. It is intended for anyone who wants to understand more about IBM tape products and their implementation. It is suitable for IBM clients, IBM Business Partners, IBM specialist sales representatives, and technical specialists. If you do not have a background in computer tape storage products, you might need to read other sources of information. In the interest of being concise, topics that are generally understood are not covered in detail.

Table of Contents

  1. Front cover
  2. Notices
    1. Trademarks
  3. Preface
    1. Authors
    2. Now you can become a published author, too
    3. Comments welcome
    4. Stay connected to IBM Redbooks
  4. Summary of changes
    1. July 2021, Seventeenth Edition (minor update)
    2. March 2020, Seventeenth Edition
    3. November 2018, Sixteenth Edition
    4. March 2018, Fifteenth Edition
    5. August 2017, Fourteenth Edition
    6. August 2016, Thirteenth Edition
    7. January 2016, Twelfth Edition
    8. February 2015, Eleventh Edition
    9. June 2013, Tenth Edition
    10. June 2012, Ninth Edition
    11. June 2011, Eighth Edition
    12. September 2008, Seventh Edition
    13. October 2007, Sixth Edition
    14. April 2007, Fifth Edition
    15. September 2005, Fourth Edition
    16. June 2004, Third Edition
    17. June 2003, Second Edition
    18. November 2000, First Edition
  5. Part 1 Tape basics of open systems
  6. Chapter 1. Tape technology introduction
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Tape products and technologies
    3. 1.2.1 Recording technology
    4. 1.2.2 Tape reels
    5. 1.2.3 Quarter-inch cartridge
    6. 1.2.4 Digital Data Standard
    7. 1.2.5 The 8 mm format
    8. 1.2.6 SuperDLT
    9. 1.2.7 IBM 3850
    10. 1.2.8 IBM 3480
    11. 1.2.9 IBM 3490
    12. 1.2.10 IBM 3590
    13. 1.2.11 LTO Ultrium tape
    14. 1.2.12 IBM TS1100 tape drive family
    15. 1.2.13 Rack-mount option for TS1160, TS1155, TS1150, and TS1140 models
    16. 1.2.14 Libraries
    17. 1.3 Tape solutions in a SAN environment
    18. 1.3.1 Sharing tape devices in a SAN environment
    19. 1.4 IBM Spectrum Scale
    20. 1.4.1 Key capabilities
    21. 1.4.2 Benefits
    22. 1.5 IBM Spectrum Archive
    23. 1.5.1 Key capabilities
    24. 1.5.2 Benefits
    25. 1.5.3 IBM Linear Tape File System
    26. 1.5.4 IBM Spectrum Archive editions
    27. 1.6 IBM Tape System Library Manager
  7. Chapter 2. Overview of IBM LTO Ultrium tape drives
    1. 2.1 The LTO organization
    2. 2.1.1 Overview
    3. 2.1.2 LTO standards
    4. 2.1.3 Data compression
    5. 2.1.4 Tape cartridge
    6. 2.1.5 IBM LTO Ultrium common subassembly drive
    7. 2.2 Tape encryption overview
    8. 2.2.1 IBM Security Key Lifecycle Manager
    9. 2.2.2 Encryption methods
    10. 2.2.3 LTO Ultrium tape encryption
    11. 2.3 IBM LTO Ultrium highlights
    12. 2.3.1 IBM LTO Ultrium compatibility
    13. 2.3.2 LTO performance
    14. 2.3.3 Reliability
    15. 2.4 IBM LTO Ultrium 8 tape drives
    16. 2.4.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 8 tape drive range
    17. 2.5 IBM LTO Ultrium 7 tape drives
    18. 2.5.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 7 tape drive range
    19. 2.6 IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drives
    20. 2.6.1 The IBM LTO Ultrium 6 tape drive range
    21. 2.7 IBM LTO Ultrium family of tape drives and libraries
    22. 2.7.1 Multipath architecture
    23. 2.7.2 Next-generation multipath architecture
  8. Chapter 3. IBM TS1100 tape drives
    1. 3.1 IBM TS1100 tape drive family
    2. 3.1.1 1 TB and beyond.
    3. 3.1.2 Nomenclature
    4. 3.2 Common characteristics of the 3592 tape drive family
    5. 3.2.1 Technology enhancements
    6. 3.2.2 Recording format
    7. 3.2.3 Reliability and availability
    8. 3.2.4 Features that are designed for capacity and performance
    9. 3.2.5 Performance or capacity scaling
    10. 3.3 Physical attachment
    11. 3.3.1 Multiple Fibre Channel ports
    12. 3.3.2 Supported topologies
    13. 3.3.3 Ethernet drives
    14. 3.4 Media
    15. 3.4.1 3592 media cartridge
    16. 3.4.2 WORM functionality
    17. 3.4.3 Tape encryption for TS1100
    18. 3.4.4 Rack-mount option for TS1160, TS1155, TS1150, and TS1140 models
    19. 3.5 IBM TS1160 tape drive
    20. 3.5.1 Physical attachment
    21. 3.5.2 TS1160 physical characteristics
    22. 3.5.3 Media
    23. 3.5.4 Capacity and performance
    24. 3.5.5 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
    25. 3.5.6 Emulation
    26. 3.5.7 IBM Spectrum Archive and LTFS support
    27. 3.5.8 Data safe mode
    28. 3.5.9 Upgrade considerations
    29. 3.5.10 Firmware updates
    30. 3.5.11 RAS
    31. 3.5.12 Improved media Statistical Analysis and Reporting System
    32. 3.5.13 Encryption
    33. 3.6 IBM TS1155 and TS1150 tape drive
    34. 3.6.1 Physical attachment
    35. 3.6.2 Media
    36. 3.6.3 Capacity and performance
    37. 3.6.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
    38. 3.6.5 Emulation
    39. 3.6.6 IBM Spectrum Archive and LTFS support
    40. 3.6.7 Data safe mode
    41. 3.6.8 Enhanced Ethernet support
    42. 3.6.9 TS1155 and TS1150 physical characteristics
    43. 3.6.10 Upgrade considerations
    44. 3.6.11 Firmware updates
    45. 3.6.12 RAS
    46. 3.6.13 Improved media SARS
    47. 3.6.14 Encryption
    48. 3.7 IBM TS1140 tape drive
    49. 3.7.1 Physical attachment
    50. 3.7.2 Media
    51. 3.7.3 Capacity and performance
    52. 3.7.4 Access performance specifications and drive characteristics
    53. 3.7.5 Emulation
    54. 3.7.6 IBM Spectrum Archive and LTFS support
    55. 3.7.7 Data safe mode
    56. 3.7.8 Enhanced Ethernet support
    57. 3.7.9 TS1140 physical characteristics
    58. 3.7.10 Upgrade considerations
    59. 3.7.11 Firmware updates
    60. 3.7.12 RAS features
    61. 3.7.13 Improved media SARS
    62. 3.7.14 Encryption
    63. 3.7.15 Tracking data that is written
  9. Chapter 4. IBM TS2280 tape drive
    1. 4.1 Product description
    2. 4.2 Half-High Ultrium 8 tape drive
    3. 4.2.1 Platform support
    4. 4.2.2 Performance highlights
    5. 4.3 Media
    6. 4.3.1 Data cartridges
    7. 4.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
    8. 4.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
    9. 4.3.4 Cartridge memory
    10. 4.4 Encryption
    11. 4.5 IBM Spectrum Archive and Linear Tape File System
    12. 4.6 Physical attachment
    13. 4.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
    14. 4.7 Specifications
    15. 4.7.1 Physical specifications
    16. 4.7.2 Power specifications
    17. 4.8 Feature codes
  10. Chapter 5. IBM TS2270 tape drive
    1. 5.1 Product description
    2. 5.2 Half-High Ultrium 7 tape drive
    3. 5.2.1 Platform support
    4. 5.2.2 Performance highlights
    5. 5.3 Media
    6. 5.3.1 Data cartridges
    7. 5.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
    8. 5.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
    9. 5.3.4 Cartridge memory
    10. 5.4 Encryption
    11. 5.5 IBM Spectrum Archive and Linear Tape File System
    12. 5.6 Physical attachment
    13. 5.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
    14. 5.7 Specifications
    15. 5.7.1 Physical specifications
    16. 5.7.2 Power specifications
    17. 5.8 Feature codes
  11. Chapter 6. IBM TS2260 tape drive
    1. 6.1 Product description
    2. 6.2 Half-High Ultrium 6 tape drive
    3. 6.2.1 Platform support
    4. 6.2.2 Performance highlights
    5. 6.3 Media
    6. 6.3.1 Data cartridges
    7. 6.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
    8. 6.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
    9. 6.3.4 Cartridge memory
    10. 6.4 Encryption
    11. 6.5 IBM Spectrum Archive and LTFS
    12. 6.6 Physical attachment
    13. 6.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
    14. 6.7 Specifications
    15. 6.7.1 Physical specifications
    16. 6.7.2 Power specifications
    17. 6.8 Feature codes
  12. Chapter 7. IBM TS2360 tape drive
    1. 7.1 Product description
    2. 7.2 Full-High Ultrium 6 tape drive
    3. 7.2.1 Platform support
    4. 7.2.2 Performance highlights
    5. 7.3 Media
    6. 7.3.1 Data cartridges
    7. 7.3.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
    8. 7.3.3 Cleaning cartridges
    9. 7.3.4 Cartridge memory (LTO-CM)
    10. 7.4 Encryption
    11. 7.5 IBM Spectrum Archive and Linear Tape File System
    12. 7.6 Physical attachment
    13. 7.6.1 Serial-attached SCSI
    14. 7.7 Specifications
    15. 7.7.1 Physical specifications
    16. 7.7.2 Power specifications
    17. 7.8 Feature codes
  13. Part 2 IBM tape libraries for open systems
  14. Chapter 8. IBM TS2900 tape autoloader
    1. 8.1 Product description
    2. 8.2 TS2900 tape autoloader components
    3. 8.2.1 Operator Control Panel
    4. 8.2.2 Robotics
    5. 8.2.3 Bar code reader
    6. 8.2.4 Cartridge storage
    7. 8.3 IBM LTO Ultrium Half-High tape drives
    8. 8.3.1 LTO-8 Half-High tape drive
    9. 8.3.2 Encryption
    10. 8.3.3 IBM Spectrum Archive and LTFS
    11. 8.3.4 Notifications
    12. 8.4 Physical attachments
    13. 8.4.1 SAS interface
    14. 8.5 Media
    15. 8.5.1 Data cartridges
    16. 8.5.2 Write Once Read Many cartridges
    17. 8.5.3 Cleaning cartridges
    18. 8.5.4 Cartridge Memory chip
    19. 8.6 Specifications
    20. 8.6.1 Physical specifications
    21. 8.6.2 Power specifications
    22. 8.7 Feature codes
  15. Chapter 9. IBM TS4300 tape library
    1. 9.1 Product description
    2. 9.1.1 TS4300 tape library Model L3A (Machine Type 3555)
    3. 9.1.2 TS4300 tape library Model E3A (Machine Type 3555)
    4. 9.2 Library expansion
    5. 9.3 Front panel components
    6. 9.3.1 I/O station and magazine
    7. 9.3.2 Access door
    8. 9.3.3 Operator control panel
    9. 9.3.4 Power button
    10. 9.3.5 Front panel LEDs
    11. 9.4 Rear panel components
    12. 9.4.1 Library Controller
    13. 9.4.2 Tape drives
    14. 9.4.3 Power supply
    15. 9.5 Interior components
    16. 9.5.1 Storage columns
    17. 9.5.2 Robotic system
    18. 9.6 Optional features
    19. 9.6.1 IBM Ultrium tape drives
    20. 9.6.2 Redundant power supply
    21. 9.6.3 Rack mounting kit
    22. 9.6.4 Feature code previews
    23. 9.7 Library management
    24. 9.7.1 Operator Control Panel
    25. 9.7.2 Web user interface
    26. 9.7.3 Encryption
    27. 9.7.4 Notifications
    28. 9.8 Multipath architecture
    29. 9.8.1 Using multiple control paths
    30. 9.8.2 Using multiple control paths for Control Path Failover
    31. 9.8.3 Using multiple data paths for Data Path Failover
    32. 9.9 Working with logical libraries
    33. 9.10 Media
    34. 9.10.1 Data cartridges
    35. 9.10.2 Cleaning cartridges
    36. 9.10.3 Cartridge memory chip
    37. 9.11 Supported environments
    38. 9.11.1 Supported storage software
    39. 9.12 Specifications
    40. 9.12.1 Timings
    41. 9.12.2 Physical specifications
    42. 9.12.3 Operating environment
    43. 9.13 Feature codes
    44. 9.13.1 Power cords
    45. 9.13.2 Fibre Channel cables
    46. 9.13.3 SAS cables
    47. 9.13.4 Publications
  16. Chapter 10. IBM TS4500 tape library
    1. 10.1 Overview of the IBM TS4500 tape library
    2. 10.2 TS4500 product description
    3. 10.2.1 TS4500 tape library frames for IBM LTO Ultrium Fibre Channel drives
    4. 10.2.2 TS4500 tape library frames for IBM 3592 Fibre Channel drives
    5. 10.2.3 TS4500 tape library storage-only HD frames
    6. 10.2.4 TS4500 High Availability (HA) option
    7. 10.2.5 External TSSC
    8. 10.2.6 TS4500 tape library top rack frame TR1
  17. Part 3 Appendixes
  18. Appendix A. Data storage values
  19. Appendix B. IBM LTO Ultrium and 3592 media
    1. Features available with the initial IBM hardware order
    2. IBM 3589 LTO Ultrium tape cartridges
    3. Bar code labels
    4. IBM 3599 tape cartridges
    5. Labeling service
  20. Appendix C. IBM tape product names
    1. TS series family names
    2. TS1000 tape drives (LTO)
    3. TS1100 tape drives (Enterprise)
    4. TS2000 tape enclosures (LTO)
    5. TS2900 tape autoloader
    6. TS4300 tape library
    7. TS4500 tape library
  21. Appendix D. IBM Fibre Channel storage area network product portfolio
    1. Classification of IBM SAN products
    2. SAN Fibre Channel networking
    3. Entry SAN switches
    4. Midrange SAN switches
    5. Enterprise SAN directors
    6. Extension switches
  22. Related publications
    1. IBM Redbooks publications
    2. Other publications
    3. Online resources
    4. Help from IBM
  23. Back cover