PHRASE BOOK

The Spanish spoken in Cuba is basically the same as the Castilian used in Spain with certain deviations. As in the Spanish-speaking countries in Central and Southern America, the “z” is pronounced like the “s”, as is the “c” when it comes before “e” or “i”. Among the grammatical variations, visitors should be aware that Cubans use Ustedes in place of Vosotros, to say “you” when referring to more than one person. Some Indian, African and English words are also commonly used in present-day Cuban Spanish. This basic phrase book includes useful common phrases and words, and particular attention has been paid to typically Cuban idioms in a list of Cuban Terms.

Cuban Terms

apagón apagon black-out, power cut
babalawo babala-wo a priest of Afro-Cuban religion
bohío bo-ee-o traditional rural house, with a roof made from palm leaves
carro karro car
casa de la trova kasa deh la troba club where traditional music is played
batey batay village around sugar factory
cayo ka-yo small island
chama chama child
criollo kr-yo-yo Creole (born in Cuba Spanish descent)
divisa deebeesa convertible peso (slang)
guagua gwagwa bus
guajiro gwaheero farmer
guarapo gwarapo sugar cane juice
ingenio eenhen-yo sugar factory complex
jama hama food, meal
eva eba woman
jinetera heenetaira prostitute, or female hustler
jinetero heenetairo male person hustling tourists
libreta leebreta rations book
moneda moneda nas-yonal pesos (“national nacional currency”)
moros y moros ee rice and black
cristianos krist-yanos beans (Moors and Christians)
paladar paladar privately-owned restaurant
puro pooro authentic Cuban cigar
Santero Santairo Santería priest
tabaco tabako low-quality cigar
tambor tambor Afro-Cuban religious musical feast
tienda t-yenda shop that only accepts convertible pesos
trago trago alcoholic drink
tunas toonas prickly pears
zafra safra sugar cane harvest

Need to know Phrasebook

Emergencies

Help! ¡socorro! sokorro!
Stop! ¡pare! pareh!
Call a doctor Llamen a un médico yamen a oon medeeko
Call an ambulance Llamen a una ambulancia yamen a oona amboolans-ya
Police! ¡policía! poleesee-a!
I’ve been robbed Me robaron meh rrobaron

Need to know Phrasebook

Communication Essentials

Yes see
No no no
Please por favor por fabor
Pardon me perdone pairdoneh
Excuse me disculpe deeskoolpeh
I’m sorry lo siento lo s-yento
Thanks gracias gras-yas
Hello! ¡hola! ohlah!
Good day buenos días bwenos dee-as
Good afternoon buenas tardes bwenas tardes
Good evening buenas noches bwenas noches
Night noche nocheh
Morning mañana man-yana
Tomorrow mañana man-yana
Yesterday ayer a-yair
Here acá aka
How? ¿cómo? komo?
When? ¿cuándo? kwando?
Where? ¿dónde? dondeh?
Why? ¿por qué? por keh?
How are you? ¿qué tal? keh tal?
It’s a pleasure! ¡mucho gusto! moocho goosto!
Goodbye, so long hasta luego asta lwego

Need to know Phrasebook

Useful Phrases

That’s fine está bien/ocá esta b-yen/oka
Fine ¡qué bien! keh b-yen!
How long? ¿Cuánto falta? kwanto falta?
Do you speak a little English? ¿Habla un poco de inglés? abla oon poko deh eengles?
I don’t understand No entiendo no ent-yendo
Could you speak more slowly? ¿Puede hablar más despacio? pwedeh ablas mas despas-yo?
I agree/OK de acuerdo/ocá deh akwairdo/oka
Certainly! ¡Claro que sí! klaro keh see!
Let’s go! ¡Vámonos! bamonos!

Need to know Phrasebook

Useful Words

Large grande grandeh
Small pequeño peken-yo
Hot caliente kal-yenteh
Cold frío free-o
Good bueno bweno
Bad malo malo
So-so más o menos mas o menos
Well/fine bien b-yen
Open abierto ab-yairto
Closed cerrado serrado
Full lleno yeno
Empty vacío basee-o
Right derecha dairecha
Left izquierda isk-yairda
Straight recto rrekto
Under debajo debaho
Over arriba arreeba
Quickly/early pronto /temprano pronto/ temprano
Late tarde tardeh
Now ahora a-ora
Soon ahorita a-oreeta
More más mas
Less menos menos
Little poco poko
Sufficient suficiente soofees-yenteh
Much mucho/muy moocho/mwee
Too much demasiado demas-yado
In front of delante delanteh
Behind detrás detras
First floor primer piso preemair peeso
Ground floor planta baja planta baha
Lift/elevator elevador elebador
Bathroom/toilet servicios sairbees-yos
Women mujeres moohaires
Men hombres ombres
Toilet paper papel sanitario papel saneetar-yo
Camera cámara kamara
Batteries baterías batairee-as
Passport pasaporte pasaporteh
Visa; tourist card visa; tarjeta turistica beesa; tarheta tooreesteeka

Need to know Phrasebook

Health

I don’t feel well Me siento mal meh s-yento mal
I have a stomach ache headache Me duele el estómago la cabeza meh dweleh el estomago la kabesa
He/she is ill Está enfermo/a esta enfairmo
I need to rest Necesito decansar neseseeto dekansar
Drug store farmacia farmasee-ya

Need to know Phrasebook

POST OFFICE AND BANK

Bank banco banko
I want to send a letter Quiero enviar una carta k-yairo emb-yar oona karta
Postcard postal tarjeta postal tarheta
Stamp sello se-yo
Draw out money sacar dinero sakar deenairo

Need to know Phrasebook

Shopping

How much is it? ¿Cuánto cuesta? kwanto kwesta?
What time do you open/close? ¿A qué hora abre/ cierra? a ke ora abreh/s-yairra?
May I pay with a credit card? ¿Puedo pagar con tarjeta de crédito? pwedo pagar kon tarheta deh kredeeto?

Need to know Phrasebook

Sightseeing

Beach playa pla-ya
Castle, fortress castillo kastee-yo
Cathedral catedral katedral
Church iglesia eegles-ya
District barrio barr-yo
Garden jardín hardeen
Guide guía gee-a
House casa kasa
Motorway autopista owtopeesta
Museum museo mooseh-o
Park parque parkeh
Road carretera karretaira
Square, plaza plaza, parque plasa, parkeh
Street calle, callejón ka-ye, ka-yehon
Town hall ayuntamiento a-yoontam-yento
Tourist bureau buró de turismo booro deh tooreesmo

Need to know Phrasebook

Transport

Could you call a taxi for me? ¿Me puede llamar a un taxi? meh pwedeh yamar a oon taksee?
Airport aeropuerto a-airopwairto
Train station estación de ferrocarriles estas-yon deh fairrokarreeles
Bus station terminal de guagas tairmeenal deh gwagwas
When does it leave? ¿A qué hora sale? a keh ora saleh?
Customs aduana adwana
Boarding pass tarjeta de embarque tarheta deh embarkeh
Car hire alquiler de carros alkeelair deh karros
Bicycle bicicleta beeseekleta
Insurance seguro segooro
Petrol/gas station estación de gasolina estas-yon deh gasoleena

Need to know Phrasebook

Staying in a Hotel

Single room/double habitación sencilla/ doble doble abeetas-yon sensee-ya/dobleh
Shower ducha doocha
Bathtub bañera ban-yaira
Balcony balcón, terraza balkon, tairrasa
Air conditioning aire acondicionado eye-reh akondisionado
I want to be woken at… Necesito que me despierten a las… neseseeto keh meh despyairten a las…
Warm water/cold agua caliente/fría agwa kal-yenteh/free-a
Soap jabón habon
Towel toalla to-a-ya
Key llave yabeh

Need to know Phrasebook

Eating Out

What is there to eat? ¿Qué hay para comer? keh I para komair?
The bill, please la cuenta, por favor la kwenta por fabor
Glass vaso baso
Cutlery cubiertos koob-yairtos
I would like some water Quisiera un poco de agua kees-yaira oon poko deh agwa
Have you got wine? ¿Tienen vino? t-yenen beeno?
The beer is not cold enough La cerveza no está bien fría la sairbesa no no esta b-yen free-a
Breakfast desayuno desa-yoono
Lunch almuerzo almwairso
Dinner comida/cena komeeda/sane-sane-er
Raw/cooked crudo/cocido kroodo/koseedo

Need to know Phrasebook

Menu Decoder

aceite asayteh oil
agua mineral agwa meenairal mineral water
ajo aho garlic
arroz arros rice
asado asado roasted
atún atoon tuna
azúcar asookar sugar
bacalao bakala-o cod
café kafeh coffee
camarones kamarones prawns
carne karneh meat
congrí kongree rice with beans and onions
cerveza sairbesa beer
dulce doolseh sweet, dessert
ensalada ensalada salad
fruta froota fruit
fruta bomba froota bomba papaya
helado elado ice cream
huevo webo egg
jugo hoogo fruit juice
langosta langosta lobster
leche lecheh milk
marisco mareesko seafood
mantequilla mantekee-ya butter
pan pan bread
papas papas potatoes
postre postreh dessert
pescado peskado fish
plátano platano banana
pollo po-yo chicken
potaje/sopa potaheh/sopa soup
puerco pwairko pork
queso keso cheese
refresco refresko drink
sal sal salt
salsa salsa sauce
teh tea
vinagre beenagreh vinegar

Need to know Phrasebook

Time

Minute minuto meenooto
Hour hora ora
Half-hour media hora med-ya ora
Monday lunes loones
Tuesday martes martes
Wednesday miércoles m-yairkoles
Thursday jueves hwebes
Friday viernes b-yairnes
Saturday sábado sabado
Sunday domingo domeengo
January enero enairo
February febrero febrairo
March marzo marso
April abril abreel
May mayo ma-yo
June junio hoon-yo
July julio hool-yo
August agosto agosto
September setiembre set-yembreh
October octubre oktoobreh
November noviembre nob-yembreh
December diciembre dees-yembreh

Need to know Phrasebook

NUMBERS

0 cero sairo
1 uno oono
2 dos dos
3 tres tres
4 cuatro kuatro
5 cinco seenko
6 seis says
7 siete s-yeteh
8 ocho ocho
9 nueve nwebeh
10 diez d-yes
11 once onseh
12 doce doseh
13 trece treseh
14 catorce katorseh
15 quince keenseh
16 dieciséis d-yeseesays
17 diecisiete d-yesees-yeteh
18 dieciocho d-yes-yocho
19 diecinueve d-yeseenwebeh
20 veinte baynteh
30 treinta traynta
40 cuarenta kwarenta
50 cincuenta seenkwenta
60 sesenta sesenta
70 setenta setenta
80 ochenta ochenta
90 noventa nobenta
100 cien s-yen
500 quinientos keen-yentos
1000 mil meel
..................Content has been hidden....................

You can't read the all page of ebook, please click here login for view all page.
Reset
3.236.223.106