**Chapter 1 Scope and Language of Thermodynamics**

1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics

1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics

**Chapter 2 Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids**

2.1 The *PVT* Behavior of Pure Fluid

2.3 Compressibility Factor and the *ZP* Graph

2.7 *PVT* Behavior of Cubic Equations of State

2.8 Working with Cubic Equations

2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression

2.11 Empirical Equations for Density

**Chapter 3 Energy and the First Law**

3.1 Energy and Mechanical Work

3.4 First Law for a Closed System

3.6 Sensible Heat—Heat Capacities

3.9 Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes

**Chapter 4 Entropy and the Second Law**

4.1 The Second Law in a Closed System

4.3 Energy Balances Using Entropy

4.6 Alternative Statements of the Second Law

4.8 Ambient Surroundings as a Default Bath—Exergy

4.10 Molecular View of Entropy

**Chapter 5 Calculation of Properties**

5.1 Calculus of Thermodynamics

5.2 Integration of Differentials

5.4 Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy

5.8 Pressure-Explicit Relations

5.9 Application to Cubic Equations

**Chapter 6 Balances in Open Systems**

6.3 Energy Balance in Open System

6.6 Thermodynamics of Steady-State Processes

7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State

7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State

**Chapter 8 Phase Behavior of Mixtures**

8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures

8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids

**Chapter 9 Properties of Mixtures**

9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures

9.5 Mixtures in the Ideal-Gas State

9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures

9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State

**Chapter 10 Theory of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium**

10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture

10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State

10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State

11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution

11.3 VLE in Ideal Solution–Raoult’s Law

12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium

12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients

12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient

**Chapter 13 Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria**

13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids

13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting

13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature

13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids

13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids

13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids

14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction

14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems

14.6 Composition at Equilibrium

14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium

14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids

**Appendix A Critical Properties of Selected Compounds**

**Appendix B Ideal-Gas Heat Capacities**

**Appendix C Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction**

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