Chapter 4

Getting Started

IN THIS CHAPTER

check Using the General pane

check Working with the Audio/MIDI pane

check Keeping time with the Metronome pane

check Learn about loop options in the Loops pane

check Adding your own info to the My Info pane

check Gaining experience with the Advanced pane

Before you work and play with GarageBand, you should familiarize yourself with its six preferences panes and their settings. These settings are global and generally affect every project you create.

You probably don’t know how you like your preferences, at least not yet. But you will in just a few short pages. This chapter helps you adjust each item in every preferences pane, accompanied by the usual wit and wisdom and whatever else that I think you may find helpful.

Some of you may think that I’m putting the cart before the horse by covering preferences in Chapter 4, because some of the features that these preferences affect are not introduced until later in Part 2 and Part 3. But there’s a method to my madness.

You're going to take a quick look at every one of the little critters (that is, the preferences panes) so that you know what they are, where they are, and how to configure them appropriately. For many of you, I’m hoping to do this before you try to make music.

General Pane

Using the General pane is generally painless. In this section I examine each option, starting at the top.

To get to the General pane (and the other preferences panes), choose GarageBand ⇒   Preferences (or press ⌘  +,) and click the General tab at the top of the Preferences window. The pane shown in Figure 4-1 appears.

Screenshot of the General Preferences pane to choose GarageBand Software instrument recordings.

FIGURE 4-1: The General Preferences pane.

Software Instrument Recordings section

The first section of the General Preferences pane governs what happens when you record over an existing software instrument recording, known as a region in GarageBand parlance. To understand the Cycle Off and Cycle On pop-up menus, you first have to understand the cycle area and cycle mode, labeled in Figure 4-2.

You use the cycle area to play a specific part of your project over and over. It’s handy any time you need to hear part of a song repeatedly, such as when you want to practice a challenging passage before recording it; record multiple takes without pausing; listen critically to a specific part of the project while mixing or mastering.

To enable the cycle area, do one of the following:

  • Click the cycle mode icon in the toolbar.
  • Click and drag in the top part of the ruler.
  • Press the C key on your keyboard.
Screenshot of a musical track displaying the Cycle Off and Cycle On pop-up menus, along with the cycle area and cycle mode.

FIGURE 4-2: Use the cycle area to continuously replay a part of your project.

To adjust the start and end points of the cycle area, click and drag its left or right edge. To move the entire cycle area, click in the middle of the cycle area and then drag left or right.

Now that you know about the cycle area, let’s dig into the pop-up menus on the General pane.

The Cycle Off pop-up menu determines what happens when you record a software instrument track over an existing region with cycle mode off:

  • Choose Replace to overwrite previously recorded regions when cycle mode is off.
  • Choose Merge to merge your performance with previously recorded regions when cycle mode is on.

The Cycle On pop-up menu determines what happens when you record a software instrument track over an existing region with cycle mode on:

  • Choose Create Takes to record multiple takes on a single track. You can then choose which take is active by clicking the take number for the track and choosing a take from the drop-down menu, as shown in Figure 4-2.
  • Choose Merge to merge your performance with previously recorded regions on that track.

Enable the Force Touch Trackpad check box

Enabling the check box labeled Enable the Force Touch Trackpad adds additional gestures you can use with your Force Touch trackpad.

This check box is disabled if your Mac doesn’t have a Force Touch trackpad. (It's disabled in Figure 4-1 because my MacBook Pro doesn’t have a Force Touch trackpad.)

Reset Warnings button

Use the Reset Warnings button to reset all warnings and alerts previously set to Do Not Show Again. Put another way, click the button if you’d like to see those warnings and alerts again.

Audio/MIDI Pane

Many Macs have built-in microphones and speakers as well as audio input and audio output. If you have a USB or Thunderbolt audio interface, the interface has at least one audio-in and one audio-out port. The Audio/MIDI Preferences pane lets you specify which device you want to use for output (listening) and input (recording).

The Audio/MIDI pane, shown in Figure 4-3, is where you select the input and output that you want GarageBand to use. It’s also where you optimize GarageBand’s performance. Last but not least, this pane tells you how many MIDI devices GarageBand recognizes at the moment (it recognizes one in Figure 4-3).

To open this pane, choose GarageBand ⇒   Preferences (or press ⌘  +,) and click Audio/MIDI at the top of the Preferences window. The following sections explain your options.

Devices section

The first section in this pane is Devices, which contains the Output Device and Input Device menus. If your Mac has more than one audio input (for example, the built-in audio-in port plus a USB or Thunderbolt audio interface) or output (for example, the built-in headphone port or a USB or Thunderbolt audio interface), choose the one you want to use from these menus.

Screenshot of the Audio/MIDI Preferences pane to select the input and output that you want GarageBand to use.

FIGURE 4-3: The Audio/MIDI Preferences pane.

That’s it. If you see only one input and output choice in either menu on your Mac, wave bye-bye. You won’t have to use them much until you add a new audio device to your setup, and you can ignore the upcoming warning.

If you see two or more input or output choices, read the upcoming warning carefully.

Tip If you see two or more choices in either menu and you like to plug and unplug your audio devices with reckless abandon (like yours truly), you should read this warning even more carefully, because it’s even more likely to apply to you.

Warning When you don’t hear what you expect to hear; the sound is not coming from the speakers or headphones that you expected; or your microphone or instrument doesn’t play through, don’t panic. GarageBand has a maddening tendency to change the inputs and outputs you’ve selected for no apparent reason and without permission. So, if the music isn’t coming or going where you expect it, check these two menus first.

Here’s another tidbit: If you unplug the current input or output, GarageBand, always the model of politeness, informs you of the change. I disconnected my Scarlett Solo audio interface and saw the warning dialog shown in Figure 4-4.

Screenshot of a warning message telling that the last selected audio interface is not available.

FIGURE 4-4: You’ll see a warning like this if you disconnect an output (or input) device while GarageBand is running.

Effects section

The Effects section has a single check box that determines whether or not GarageBand will recognize third-party plug-ins known as audio units. If you have never downloaded or purchased a plug-in, feel free to leave the Enable Audio Units check box deselected. But, if you do have plug-ins, you won’t see them in GarageBand unless audio units are enabled here.

MIDI section

The last section in the Audio/MIDI pane is MIDI. In this section, you see the MIDI Status item, which reports how many MIDI devices GarageBand believes are connected to your Mac at the moment. So, MIDI Status isn’t a preference; it just displays a bit of information.

In Figure 4-4, you can see that my device (a MacBook Pro) has one MIDI device connected to it.

Now wave bye-bye to this feature. You probably won’t need to look at it again.

Metronome Pane

Before I talk about the Metronome Preferences pane, let me explain what a metronome is and why you will probably need to use it.

It’s important to keep time with your song so you can play the right notes at the right time. To do that, you need to hear a steady beat. GarageBand’s built-in metronome plays that steady beat (sometimes called a click track) to help you play and record in perfect time at the project tempo you’ve specified.

You can turn the metronome on or off at any time — while recording, playing back, mixing, or mastering. But you’ll probably find it most useful while recording tracks.

Tip To make a choice that suits you, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • To play or sing in time with a song’s time signature, tempo, and other tracks, use the metronome every time that you record a track. Just remember that YMMV (your mileage may vary). Some musicians have perfect time and can play entire pieces without missing a beat. I’m such a lousy musician that I have trouble staying in time, even with the metronome clicking away.
  • Image of the metronome icon in the tool bar depicting that the icon is on. You may prefer to toggle the metronome on and off, which I do often. To do so, click the metronome icon in the toolbar (and shown in the margin) or press the K (for klick) key. You can tell whether the metronome is on (without listening) because the icon is highlighted in purple. If it's on and you click the icon (or press the K key) again, the button turns gray and the metronome shuts up.

When I start a new project, I use the metronome during playback to rehearse parts without recording them and to try out different tempos for a piece. But as soon as I have drum and bass tracks — and maybe a guitar or keyboard part or two — I turn the metronome off and leave it off. By this point, the other tracks should be in time with each other, so I should be able to keep time with them when I’m playing or singing, without hearing the annoying tick of the metronome.

Tip As the song’s track count increases, it gets harder to hear the metronome anyway. That’s why you may want to record your rhythm tracks — mostly drums and bass — first.

Just know that the metronome is there if you want it, during recording or playback. It can be turned on and off in a heartbeat by pressing its keyboard shortcut (K)— that is, unless that heartbeat happens to beat while you’re playing or recording.

If you’re playing or recording, follow these steps to toggle the metronome on or off:

  1. Press the spacebar (to pause recording or playback).
  2. Click the metronome icon (or press the K key) to turn the metronome on or off.
  3. Press the spacebar to start playback or press R to start recording.

Now, here’s the scoop on the two controls in the Metronome Preferences pane, which is shown in Figure 4-5:

  • Tone slider: Move this slider left or right to change the sound of the metronome. Play with various settings to determine which tone works best for you.
  • Volume slider: Move this slider left to make the metronome quieter or to the right to make it louder.
Screenshot of the Metronome Preferences pane displaying the two controls - Tone slider and Volume slider.

FIGURE 4-5: The Metronome Preferences pane.

Loops Pane

The Loops Preferences pane has three little settings, as you can see in Figure 4-6.

Screenshot of the Loops Preferences pane displaying three little settings: Keyword browsing, keyword layout, and loop browser.

FIGURE 4-6: The Loops Preferences pane.

Keyboard Browsing setting

In the first setting, the Filter for More Relevant Results check box does exactly what it says: If you deselect this check box, you see more loops, but many of them won’t sound good in your song.

It may seem that finding more loops would be a good thing, but it’s not — so resist the temptation. Try it if you have the time, and you’ll see my point.

I always keep this check box selected. You can deselect yours if you like, but if you do, I hope you don’t waste too much time with loops that sound lousy in your composition.

’Nuff said.

Keyboard Layout setting

The loop browser (which I cover in detail in Chapter 5) uses keywords to describe the sounds in loops. The keywords appear on buttons in the loop browser’s button view (shown in Figure 4-7) and can be customized by clicking and dragging a button to a different position.

The Reset button in the Loops Preferences pane will set your mess back to the original layout when you decide that you hate what you’ve created.

Screenshot of a keyboard layout setting to click the loop browser icon and then click Instrument, Genre, or Descriptors, each of which presents a different set of buttons.

FIGURE 4-7: Click the loop browser icon and then click Instrument (shown here), Genre, or Descriptors, each of which presents a different set of buttons.

Blowing away these customizations isn’t a big deal; you don’t lose sounds or settings. Only the positions of the keywords in the loop browser’s button view are changed.

Loop Browser setting

Last but not least, enable the Display Original Tempo and Key check box to see the tempo and key for each loop in the loop browser (refer to Figure 4-7). If you don’t care to see the tempo and key for every loop, leave it deselected and leave more room onscreen for the loop’s name.

My Info Pane

You use the My Info pane, shown in Figure 4-8, to set your desired playlist, composer, and album name when you export a finished song into iTunes. As usual, you get to the pane by choosing GarageBand ⇒   Preferences (or by pressing ⌘  +,) and clicking My Info at the top of the window.

Screenshot of the My Info Preferences pane to set your desired playlist, composer, and album name when you export a finished song into iTunes.

FIGURE 4-8: The My Info Preferences pane.

When you’re ready to export a song, GarageBand uses the information in the four text fields shown in the pane: Composer Name, Artist Name, Album Name, and Playlist.

So, when I export a finished song by choosing Share ⇒   Song to Music (or iTunes on Macs running macOS Mojave or earlier), the song arrives in the Music app (or iTunes) with the information that I typed in the My Info pane already entered for me in the Share to Music (or iTunes) dialog, as shown in Figure 4-9.

That’s nice, but what’s nicer is that the app also picked up the title of the song — which I never typed into the preferences pane!

Screenshot of the Share to Music dialog box displaying all the details of a music title entered in the respective fields.

FIGURE 4-9: I’ll send this finished version of “Brown 2 Blue” to the Music app now.

All the fields are editable, so you can make changes before you click the Share button and send the song to Music (or iTunes).

Advanced Pane

The Advanced pane, shown in Figure 4-10, doesn’t contain anything advanced. My guess is that Apple is trying to keep you from changing these settings unless someone else tells you to.

Screenshot of the Advanced Preferences pane displaying the settings of an audio recording track resolution.

FIGURE 4-10: The Advanced Preferences pane.

Audio Recording Resolution setting

GarageBand can record audio at two resolutions (kind of like quality levels). The default is to record higher quality 24-bit audio, but you can disable the 24-bit check box if you want to record smaller, lower quality 16-bit files instead.

Tip In my humble opinion, you should always record at the highest resolution available. You can always compress (shrink) the file later if necessary. If you record at 16 bits, your song will sound worse than at 24 bits. Sure you’ll save a few megabytes of disk space, but it’s usually not worth it.

Record something in 24 bits, then record it again in 16 bits. If you don’t hear a difference, or the difference doesn’t bother you, disable the 24-bit check box and save some space.

Auto Normalize setting

The Export Projects at Full Volume check box is selected by default, so GarageBand automatically exports your project at the optimum loudness — the highest volume level at which no distortion occurs. If you’ve set your track or master levels imperfectly, Auto Normalize does a great job of making them sound better when you export them, which is why I recommend keeping this check box enabled. Unless, like yours truly, you prefer to manage final volume levels manually when you master.

One last thing: This setting has no effect on the volume level of tracks playing back in GarageBand; it comes into play only when you share (export) your song.

Movie Thumbnail Resolution setting

If you use GarageBand to add a soundtrack to a movie, this setting governs the size and resolution of the movie thumbnails displayed as you compose.

Now you know how every control in GarageBand’s six preferences panes works, and my recommendations for their settings.

Are you ready to rock and roll? In Chapter 5, you start making music without playing a note by using GarageBand’s loops.

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