FIGURE 34: Images of 3D printed stop-motion
figures used by Oscar nominee Brian McLean
in the characters, props, and sets of his four
LAIKA films (Kubo and the Two Strings, The
Boxtrolls, Paranorman, and Coraline). Photos
courtesy of FathomMFG, Oakland, CA
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FIG 35. FathomMFG, and an expert on
lost wax casting named Piero Mussi,
all worked together to replicate the
works of Michelangelo. These are
nearly flawless copies of Michelangelo’s
sculptures. The statues were scanned,
the models were printed, then they
created negatives, and melted bronze
in order to create these replicas.
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FIG 36: 4th Annual International Conference and Exhibition of 3D printing and scanning in Moscow, Russia. Examples of people 3D
printed from files created using 3D scanning. Production of 1 unit is as economical as large quantities. The scan files can be resized and
printed in different sizes.
FIG 39: A complex 3D
printed artwork that
would be impossible to
produce using common
manufacturing techniques
such as injection molding.
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FIG 36: 4th Annual International Conference and Exhibition of 3D printing and scanning in Moscow, Russia. Examples of people 3D
printed from files created using 3D scanning. Production of 1 unit is as economical as large quantities. The scan files can be resized and
printed in different sizes.
FIG 37: Designer Francis Bitonti and FathomMFG partnered together to create a 3D
printed “Molecule Shoe”
FIG 38: Geneva Motor Show, EDAG 3D printed
Soulmate Concept car, front-side view.
Geneva, Switzerland.
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FIGURE 310: Examples of plastic teeth aligners. Dentists use 3D printed molds of teeth and gums to make invisible teeth aligners for
patients
3D PRINTING IS ADVANCING HEALTH CARE: CUSTOMIZED
MEDICAL APPLIANCES
Have you heard of a company called Smile Direct? Smile Direct manufactures clear dental retainers that
are perfectly formed to the shape of your own teeth, guiding them to be more straight over time. Smile
Direct sends you a dental mold kit you bite into and send back. They then make a 3D printed mold of your
teeth. From that mold, they are able to make the retainers around that form. Each retainer is customized
and no two are exactly the same as shown in this concept image (Figure 3-10). Smile Direct makes millions
of sets of retainers per year and because they rely on the accuracy of digital manufacturing, customers do
not need to see a dentist in person.
Another example of how the dental industry is using 3D printing can be illustrated by how ceramic caps
can be made for patients that want to change the shape of their teeth. A dentist will create a mold of a
patient’s teeth and 3D print the mold using a detailed high resolution resin printer. The ceramic veneers are
designed based on the digital 3D printed model as shown in Figure 3-11.
Another example of what we feel could be a very large application in medical appliances is customiz-
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