Chapter 9

iCloud Is Made for MacBooks

IN THIS CHAPTER

Bullet Using your iCloud Drive

Bullet Sharing documents with iOS devices by using Handoff

Bullet Expanding your Desktop with Sidecar

Bullet Setting iCloud preferences

Bullet Managing iCloud storage

Readers often ask me to name my favorite reasons that they should switch platforms. In other words, why should a Windows user who thinks all is well move to the Apple universe? I always mention the facts that Apple makes superior hardware and that Big Sur is a much better operating system than Windows 10. My favorite selling point is innovation. Apple comes up with the best ideas first, and everyone else plays catch-up.

Here’s the perfect example: The folks at Apple got tired of synchronizing their iOS devices with their computers over USB cable. Remember those archaic days? When you took a photo with your iPhone or created a new document with your iPad, your new additions just sat in their original locations until you had a chance to sync your device with your MacBook. But with Apple’s iCloud functionality, your stuff gets automatically synchronized and backed up across the Internet — something that the Windows world still doesn’t perform seamlessly, even today!

In this chapter, I save you the trouble of researching all the benefits of iCloud. Heck, that’s one of the reasons you bought this book, right?

So How Does iCloud Work, Anyway?

All of today’s iOS devices can display or play the same media: photos, music, books, TV shows, and such. Heck, iOS devices (your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch) can even share applications. Therefore, it makes sense to share all your digital media effortlessly across these devices, and that’s what iCloud is all about. Apple calls this synchronization pushing.

Here’s how the pushing process works. Imagine that you just completed a Pages document on your MacBook (an invitation for your son’s birthday party), but you’re at the office and need to get the document to your family so that they can edit and print it from your son’s iPad.

Before iCloud, you had to attach the document to an email message or upload it to some type of online storage (such as Dropbox or Microsoft’s OneDrive); then a family member had to download and save the document to the iPad before working with it. With iCloud, you simply save the document on your MacBook to the Pages folder on your iCloud Drive, and macOS automatically pushes the document to the iPad (using the same Apple ID). Your document appears on the iPad, ready to be opened, edited, and printed — and it appears as well on any other devices that use the same Apple ID. Figure 9-1 gives you an idea of what’s happening in the background when one of your devices pushes data with iCloud.

Schematic illustration of iCloud works by pushing data among all the iOS devices.

FIGURE 9-1: iCloud works by pushing data among all your iOS devices.

I’ll admit that Windows eventually implemented a similar process with OneDrive. You can save documents within Office 365 to OneDrive and access them on other PCs and devices. Ah, but iCloud isn’t limited to storing just your files and folders! Big Sur can also automatically synchronize your email accounts, Calendar, and Contacts entries with other iOS devices across the Internet, so staying in touch is much easier (no matter where you are or which device you happen to be using at the moment).

Apple also throws in 5GB of free online storage that you can use for all sorts of things — not only digital media files, but also documents that you’d like to save online for safekeeping. Items you buy through the iTunes Store, iBookStore, or App Store — music, video, podcasts, books, and applications — don’t count against your 5GB limit. (More on how you can expand that 5GB limit later in the chapter.)

Remember To join the iCloud revolution, you need an Apple ID. If you didn’t create one during initial Big Sur setup, you can create an Apple ID from the App Store.

Tip You can also access your documents through the web at https://www.icloud.com. Log in with your Apple ID and password to send mail; access your contacts and calendar; edit your notes and reminders; locate your devices; and use online versions of Photos, Pages, Numbers, and Keynote.

Moving, Saving, and Opening iCloud Documents

iCloud online storage for your documents is definitely neat. Your iCloud Drive functions much like other popular online storage services such as Dropbox and Microsoft OneDrive, allowing you to save documents, load documents, and move files to and from your MacBook’s drive with ease by using a Finder window. In fact, iCloud Drive keeps things tidy for you: If you move a file from your iCloud Drive to your local drive, it’s also deleted automatically from iCloud Drive on your other Macs and iOS devices that use the same Apple ID. (Big Sur prompts you for permission first, of course.)

Figure 9-2 illustrates my iCloud Drive in action. You can access your iCloud Drive from the Finder window’s Sidebar. Note that iCloud folders are automatically created for supported applications, such as Pages and Numbers, allowing you to click the corresponding iCloud folder from the application’s Open dialog. In other words, both your iCloud Drive and the application-specific iCloud folder are available within the application’s Open dialog. It’s about as convenient as you can get.

Tip Big Sur also allows you to share a folder on your iCloud Drive with others by sending them an invitation with a link via Mail or Messages. Right-click the desired folder within your iCloud Drive, choose Share from the contextual menu, and then choose Add People from the submenu. You can choose who will receive invitations and offer full (or read-only) access to the contents of that folder.

Snapshot of showing each of these iCloud folders can joyously store documents.

FIGURE 9-2: Each of these iCloud folders can joyously store documents.

Putting Handoff to Work

If you’re like me, your favorite moment in a team track event is the all-important handoff of the baton from one runner to the next. Handoff is the perfect name for this macOS feature, because it transfers what you’re doing on your iOS devices to matching applications on your Mac!

Suppose that you’re using Maps on your iPhone, and you realize that you’d rather view the location on your MacBook’s larger screen (as well as print it from the USB printer connected to the laptop). If you’re within Bluetooth-signal range of your MacBook, Handoff is ready to go: An icon for the macOS version of Maps automatically appears at the left end of the Dock in Big Sur. One click of that icon, and your MacBook opens Maps and displays the same location!

You’re not restricted to just one application. Each time you open an application that Handoff supports (such as Safari or Mail), macOS offers you the chance to open the matching application on your MacBook and displays the current data from the iOS app. All this is trouble-free; there’s nothing to configure or set.

Caveats? Only three at this writing:

  • Bluetooth is required. Bluetooth networking must be turned on for both the iOS device and the MacBook for Handoff to work, and the iOS device must be within a 30-foot radius of your laptop. (That’s the maximum distance over which Bluetooth hardware can broadcast; walls and other obstructions reduce that range.)
  • You need the right hardware. To use Handoff, you need a 2012-model MacBook or later that includes Bluetooth LE hardware.
  • iOS 8 is a must. Handoff is compatible only with iOS devices running iOS 8 or later.

Handoff works in the other direction as well, allowing you to pick up where you left off on your MacBook application by transferring the active session to your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch. Swipe the icon that appears on your iOS device to start the ball rolling.

Expanding Your Horizons with Sidecar

Do you own a late-model iPad running iOS version 13 or later? If so, rejoice! Big Sur includes a feature called Sidecar, which allows your iPad to act as a secondary display for your MacBook. You can use Sidecar to extend your Big Sur Desktop (giving you more screen real estate for applications and Finder windows), or you can use the Apple Pencil input device to turn your iPad into a drawing tablet.

To turn on Sidecar, click the Control Center icon in the Finder Menu bar and click the AirPlay tile, and choose your compatible iPad from the menu that appears. If you decide on a wired connection, you’ll need a USB-C cable that can connect to your iPad. As long as your iPad is within 30 feet of your MacBook, however, you can connect wirelessly by using Bluetooth. Sidecar can be configured from its own pane within System Preferences.

When you’ve made the connection between the two devices, Big Sur re-creates the Touch Bar display at the bottom of the iPad — a genuine boon to owners of older MacBook and MacBook Air models that don’t have a Touch Bar.

Configuring iCloud

You control all the settings for iCloud from Big Sur’s Apple ID pane in System Preferences (shown in Figure 9-3). Click the System Preferences icon on the Dock and then click the Apple ID icon. (If you’re prompted to sign in, enter your Apple ID and your password.) Click the iCloud entry in the list on the left side of the window to display the iCloud panel.

Snapshot of the iCloud panel appears in System Preferences.

FIGURE 9-3: The iCloud panel appears in System Preferences.

Most of the check boxes on the iCloud panel control whether a particular type of data — such as a Contacts entry, Keychain password, Mail message, or calendar in Calendar — is pushed to all your iOS devices. (If an Options button appears next to an entry, you can click it to specify additional settings.)

Note, however, that you can enable three other unique features from this pane:

  • Photos: Click the Options button and enable the My Photo Stream check box to allow your MacBook to receive photos from your iOS devices automatically. Take a photo with your iPhone, for example, and that image is immediately pushed to your laptop, iPad, and iPod touch. On the MacBook, however, Photo Stream goes one step further: The photos appear automatically in Photos in a special album titled Photo Stream. To store all your photos in iCloud, enable the iCloud Photos check box. (If you have a large number of photos, you may have to buy additional iCloud storage space to use the iCloud Photo Library feature.) You can also enable Shared Albums, which allows you to share photos with others from Photos.

    Remember To turn on My Photo Stream or iCloud Photos from within Photos, choose Photos  ⇒    Preferences, click the iCloud button, and select the desired check boxes.

  • iCloud Drive: Click the Options button to specify which apps have access to store documents and data on your iCloud Drive.
  • Find My: Talk about Buck Rogers! Imagine locating a lost or stolen MacBook from your iPhone or iPad. Now think about this: With Find My, you can even lock or completely wipe your Mac’s hard drive remotely, preventing unauthorized use and erasing your private data! After you access your MacBook from another iOS device, you can play a sound, send a message to be displayed onscreen, remotely lock the machine, or remotely wipe the drive. To use this feature, click the check box next to Find My to enable it; then click the Options button and make sure that both of the settings are turned on. (Remember that you must enable Find My on each device you want to locate.)

    Warning After you wipe the drive, you can’t locate your MacBook again.

Managing Your iCloud Storage

Apple knows that you’re curious about how much space you’ve taken up in your personal iCloud. To monitor your iCloud storage, click the Manage button in the bottom-right corner of the iCloud panel. On the sheet that appears, shown in Figure 9-4, you can see how much space you’re using for document and data storage.

Snapshot of checking on the iCloud storage

FIGURE 9-4: Checking on your iCloud storage.

Click the data type in the left column, and iCloud displays the amount of storage space that’s being used for that data. In Figure 9-4, I’m checking the amount taken by my iCloud Photo Library. Other items that might appear on this sheet include Mail and selected iPad and iPhone apps that support iCloud.

Tip If you find yourself running out of iCloud storage space, delete any stored item by selecting it in the list on the left; then follow any instructions that appear on the right side of the sheet.

And if you need more elbow room than 5GB, Apple is happy to provide 50GB, 200GB, or even a whopping 2TB of additional storage for a monthly subscription fee of 99 cents, $2.99, or $9.99, respectively. Click the Manage button on the iCloud panel and then click the Buy More Storage button to subscribe.

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