Acknowledgments

The publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce their photographs:

Key: a-above; b-below/bottom; c-centre; f-far; l-left; r-right; t-top

123RF.com: Agami Photo Agency 101tc; benjaminboeckle 242bl; Patrice Correia 98crb; Ecophoto 98br; euregiocontent 28cr; Christopher Fell 95crb; mathieu gallet 80crb; humpata 199br; Ben McRae 99tr; Dave Montreuil 112tc; Jatesada Natayo 81tl; Anna Om 18cb, 212-3; PhotoSky 154tc; otto du plessis 151tr; Stuart Porter 95clb; Grobler Du Preez 95tl; Dmitrii Sakharov 156cra; Nico Smit 199crb; Donovan van Staden 88-9; utopia88 85br; Bradley van der Westhuizen 127ca.

4Corners: Justin Foulkes 26-7ca.

akg-images: Africa Media Online 327cr, / Graeme Williams 64-5t, 65bc.

Alamy Stock Photo: 19th era 62crb; AA World Travel Library 265bc; Africa Media Online / Anthony Van Tonder 257tl, 296crb, / Ilonde van Hoolwerff 154-5b, / John Hogg 59cr; Afripics.com 59cl, 94clb,104clb, 152br; age fotostock / Eric Baccega 104cb; Allstar Picture Library 129bl, 263tr; Diriye Amey 256-7b, 260t; Anka Agency International / Anka Petrovic 344-5b; Arco Images GmbH 26cla; Miles Astray 48-9b; Avalon / Photoshot License / Anthony Bannister 100tc; Brendan Bell 204t; Bleyer / Friedrichsmeier Archive 128; blickwinkel 218cl, / McPHOTO / PUM 107crb, / McPHOTO / Was 28bl; Chris Bloom 288-9b; Bluegreen Pictures / Onne van der Wal 160bl; Paul Boreham 338tr; Ger Bosma 100clb; botanikfoto / Steffen Hauser 126bl; Alex Bramwell 299br; Eden Breitz 217bl; Thomas Brissiaud 152bl; David Buzzard 8clb; David Cantrille 72-3t; Cavan Images / Alexandra Simone 189cl; Martin Chapman 111tr; Chronicle 267cr; Dennis Cox 311br; Rob Crandall 324bl; David Noton Photography 150-1b; Chris Davies 197br; dbimages / Jeremy Graham 131bl; Danita Delimont 292cr; Diadem Images / Jonathan Larsen 13t; Werner Dieterich 54-5b; David Dixon 44bl; Ulrich Doering 158tr, 241tr; Antony Souter / sculpture by Jean Doyle 158bc; dpa picture alliance 167crb; Education & Exploration 1 329tr; Education & Exploration 3 124t; Greg Balfour Evans 24t, 50tl, 151cra, 157b, 209t, 234b, 310-1, 311; F1online digitale Bildagentur GmbH / Jürgen Ritterbach 30-1t; Five-Birds Photography 296b; Gallo Images / Fiona McIntosh 239br, / Neil Overy 331tc, / Heinrich van den Berg 360b; GFC Collection / animals 30-1ca; Phil Gould 308cl; Greatstock / Brand SA 290t, / SATourism 52-3b, 184tr, 202clb, 268cla, 317cr; Jeff Greenberg 139br; Bjorn Grotting 260bl; Martin Harvey 220-1b; hemis.fr / Franck Guiziou 361t; / Ludovic Maisant 276-7b, 331br;/ René Mattes 22crb, 290cla, / Bertrand Rieger 322-3b; Hoberman Collection 17bl, 168-9; Cindy Hopkins 152crb; Lloyd Horgan 72tl; Friedrich von Hörsten 61tl, 244bl; hpbfotos 22bl, 127tr, 259tr; Ian Butler Photography 113tl; Iconpix 303tr; imageBROKER / Nigel Dennis 82clb, / Thomas Dressler 197cr, / jspix 82cb, / Günter Lenz 38-9t, / Christian Vorhofer 345tr; Imageplotter 173t; INTERFOTO / Travel 254-5t; ITPhoto 178t, 281br; jbdodane 254br; JL Photography 218-9b; John Warburton-Lee Photography / Will Gray 349bl; Vivien Kent 350-1b; KGPA Ltd / The Keasbury-Gordon Photograph Archive 63tr; David Kleyn 264cla; Nini Kraan 204-5b; LatitudeStock 178br; frans lemmens 188tr, 211bl, 284t, 320-1b; Chris Van Lennep 286-7t; Martin Lindsay 201cl; lkpro 358t; Anina Lonte 202-3b; Look / Franz Marc Frei 70-1ca; Look / Michael Boyny 32tr; M.Sobreira 39cla, 41tr; Gregory Maassen 240clb; Benny Marty 320cl; mauritius images GmbH / ClickAlps 206-7b; Paul Mayall 319cra; Buddy Mays 301br; Angus McComiskey 252bl; Sean McSweeney 262b; Gillian Moore 141br; Juan Carlos Muñoz 181bl; Nadezda Murmakova 146clb; Eric Nathan 22t, 27cla, 59crb, 125bl, 160-1t; Nature Picture Library 17t, 142-3; North Wind Picture Archives 219cr; Novarc Images /Nicolas Marino 300-1t, / Annett Schmitz 240-1b; Gunter Nuyts 318bl; Christian Offenberg 298-9t; Fernando Quevedo de Oliveira 21bl, 354-5; PAINTING 41br; Blaize Pascall 134-5t; The Picture Art Collection 62bc; Photogilio 50-1b; Grobler du Preez 31cla,187bc, 230cra; Edwin Remsberg 58cla, 359bl; Robert Estall photo agency / Carol Beckwith & Angela Fisher 361br; robertharding / James Hager 103tr, 111crb, 266tr; / Andrew McConnell 120-1b, RooM the Agency / cormacmccreesh 92-3; RosaIreneBetancourt 13 323tl; Suretha Rous 101clb; Dirk Rueter 151ca; Margaret S 325bl; Roger Sedres 163t; Nico Smit 104tl; Chakkrapan Na Songkhla 326b; Antony Souter 121cra, 185c; Tony Sparkes 27tr; Emanuele Stano 12clb; Friedrich Stark 137t, 313bl; Martin Strmiska 52-3t, 289tr; Survivalphotos 105tr; The Africa Image Library 342br; Steve Taylor ARPS 224-5t; Tierfotoagentur / W. Schaefer 31tr; Peter Titmuss 42br; 182-3t, 186clb, 264t; Ann and Steve Toon 269br; Travelscapes 43crb; Morgan Trimble 104tc, 164-5b, 233tl, 237b, 282-3b; Trinity Mirror / Mirrorpix 308br; Genevieve Vallee 18tl, 192-3, 340tr; Ariadne Van Zandbergen 33tl, 51cl, 130t, 162b, 185b, 207tl, 208bl, 221tr, 225bl, 236-7t, 279cr, 291b, 297br, 336bl, 344bl; Rudi Venter 330crb, 330b; wanderluster 146bc; Wavebreak Media ltd 51br; Monica Wells 37br,121cla, 132-3t, 138cl; Liam West 56-7t; Westend61 GmbH 19bl, 246-7, / Fotofeeling 195tr, 317bl; Bradley van der Westhuizen 130cra; WildDrago 43cla; WILDLIFE GmbH 70-1t, 199tr, 297tl; World History Archive 308clb, 308bc; Xinhua / Chen Cheng 58clb; Hongqi Zhang 230bc, 235t.

AWL Images: Christian Kober 336-7t; Ian Trower 20cb, 46-7b, 276tl, 304-5.

Bridgeman Images: Private Collection / Look and Learn 61tr, 63bl; Private Collection / Luisa Ricciarini 60t; Private Collection / The Stapleton Collection 62-3t; South African Library, Cape Town, South Africa 62tl.

Depositphotos Inc: EcoPic 83crb; kanuman 2-3; kovaricekpavel 82ca; mzphoto 80cla; zambezi 196cr.

Dreamstime.com: Riaan Albrecht 73tr; Steve Allen 111tl; Andrew Allport 110cb; Altaoosthuizen 104tr; Diriye Amey 261bl, 280b; Artushfoto 97tr, 316bl, 319tr; Avslt71 83tr; Avstraliavasin 48tl; Vanessa Bentley 328b; Peter Betts 101cb, 113clb; Cathywithers 30cla, 101tl, 113cb; Neal Cooper 106cra, 107tl, 112tr; Patrice Correia 72cla, 83cla, 83ca, 87br, 90-1, 99crb, 99br, 100tr, 105crb, 106clb, 107clb, 110clb, 339bl, 340-1b, 351c; Denys Denysevych 41cl, 153, 293cr; Dirkr 96cr; Domossa 47cl; Sarah Dreyer 45bl; Ecophoto 8cl, 36tl, 37tr, 75tr, 81crb, 82crb, 83cra, 85cr, 87cr, 94cla, 97crb, 98cr, 99cr, 100crb, 101tr,105cb, 108crb, 109crb, 109br, 110tc, 111tc, 113crb, 199cra; Simon Eeman 10ca, 80clb; Chris Fourie 80cra; Claire Fulton 75cra; Kevin Gillot 112cb; Oxana Gindo 75br; Golasza 106cla; Caglar Gungor 110crb; Halbrindley 85tr; David Havel 102b; Rachel Hopper 104crb; Hpbfotos 70tl; Ivkuzmin 83clb; Jidewet 103cr; Vladislav Jirousek 100tl; Helen Jobson 315tl; Johncarnemolla 109tr; Chris Kruger 106crb; Sergio Lacueva 222b; Chris Van Lennep 58cra; Linncurrie 112crb; Temistocle Lucarelli 196b; Rodney Jackson / sculpted by Kobus Hattingh and Jacob Maponyane 13br; Marciparavia 283cr; MarionSmithPhotos 108tr; Arno Meintjes 109cr; Julia Middleton 146cra; Mikelane45 110tr; Hamish Mitchell 108cr; Photogallet 97cra; Photographerlondon 57br; Picture.jacker 78-9; Jennifer Pillinger 353crb; Fabian Plock 81clb; Marek Poplawski 129cra; Stu Porter 74b, 75crb, 87tr, 97br, 113tr; Grobler Du Preez 53crb, 135b, 136b, 182bl, 200t, 245tr; Ondřej Prosický 83cb 111cb; Rido 11br; Rixie 72-3ca; Gabriel Rojo 98tr; Rudix 47tr; Annette Rüppel 243tr; Siegfried Schnepf 8cla, 49br; sculpies 186-7t; Alexander Shalamov 103br; David Steele 30tl, 112clb; Alexey Stiop 26-7t, 57cla; Thomasgehmacher 70cla; Tobie1953 195tl; Sergey Uryadnikov 86b; Michael Valos 219tl; Wrangel 100cb, 107tr.

FLPA: Minden Pictures / Suzi Eszterhas 105clb, / Jelger Herder 105tc; Richard Du Toit 95tr.

Franschhoek Literary Festival: 58cl.

Getty Images: 500px / Roman Betk 132bl; AFP 64crb, / Rodger Bosch 65cra, / Gianluigi Guercia 308-9, / Rajesh Jantilal 58cr, / Marco Longari 65tr, / Jean-Pierre Muller 55crb, / Anna Zieminski 123bl; Sergio Amiti 16, 116-7; Anadolu Agency / Ihsaan Haffejee 40-1b; Doug Armand 308crb; Daniel Berehulak 65clb; Bloomberg 324t; Luís Henrique Boucault 126cra; Peter Van Der Byl 223t; claudialothering 66-7; Corbis Historical / Barry Lewis 294-5b; DEA / Biblioteca Ambrosiana 63bc, / Deagostini 61br; DigitalVision / Pixelchrome Inc 203tl; Education Images / UIG 149tr; EyeEm / Jia Xin Kwok 216-7t, / Juergen Wallstabe 11t; Fine Art Images / Heritage Images 61cla, 61clb; Gallo Images 59tr, / Shaen Adey 347t, / Peter Chadwick 82cla, 101crb, / Nigel Dennis 82cra, / Dereck Green 39tr, 59tl, / Lefty Shivambu 54-5t, / Lee Warren 55cla; Godong 321ca; Jeff Greenberg 121tl; Mark Edward Harris 314-5b; The Image Bank / Juergen Ritterbach 84b; Ryan Jack 362-3; Des Jacobs 352cla; Thomas Janisch 129crb; Rajesh Jantilal 293tl; Keystone-France / Gamma-Keystone 64bc; Andrew Lichtenstein 40tl; Benjamin Matthijs Lichtwerk 250-1t; The LIFE Images Collection / Margaret Bourke-White 64tl, / Terence Spencer 327b; Hougaard Malan 176-7t; Moment / LuismiX 236bl; Moment Open / Chiara Salvadori 268-9t; Nada Stankova Photography 198-9t; Jessica Notelovitz 42-3t; Photolibrary / Russell Burden 108br, / John Cancalosi 105tl, / Luis Davilla 56b; Print Collector 62bl; Chiara Salvadori 126-7b; Hannes Thirion 49cra; Achim Thomae 19t, 226-7; Tier Und Naturfotografie J und C Sohns 33tr.

Gold Reef City /Tsogosun: 311clb.

Irma Stern Museum: 164t.

iStockphoto.com: aaprophoto 217crb; AndreaWillmore 230-1; Atypeek 262tr; Barichivich 156t; BirdImages 21tl,110tl, 332-3; Lukas Bischoff 32tl, 278-9t; Henk Bogaard 111clb, 343t; bradleyhebdon 12t; brytta 46tr, 225cr, 321tr; Ecophoto 94crb; EcoPic 47br; fbxx 34t; Firaxx 283tl; Freder 10-1b; Goddard_Photography 216bl; GroblerduPreez 252-3b; HannesThirion 194-5b; Ilonde 180-1t; IPGGutenbergUKLtd 53cla; jacobeukman 337crb; JacquesKloppers 35tr; Jan-Otto 181clb; jon11 210bl; kobuspeche 278br; Ktol 24cl; Maurizio Lanini 96br; LouisHiemstra 24cr, 166clb; ManoAfrica 4, 318t; mDumbleton 49clb; Eric Middelkoop 250br; Pil-Art 140bl; RapidEye 44-5t, 127cra, 165tl; Richy_B 12-3b; Siegfried Schnepf 232-3b; sculpies 28t; SeymsBrugger 76-7; spooh 8-9b, 22cr; Sproetniek 11crb, 195cra; stobi_de 81tr; SundariJi 34-5t; The Pixel Revelation 189b; THEGIFT777 6-7, 10clb, 59clb, 112tl, 113tc, 122-3t, 159b, 198br, 238-9t, 267b, 346bl; timh222 274bc; Utopia_88 34-5ca, 341tr; vanderje 94cra; wildacad 32-3ca, 274t; Wildeside57 38bl; wilpunt 24br, 174-5t; Sara Winter 233ca, 348-9t; ZambeziShark 148bl.

Oliewenhuis Art Museum: Walter Altman 209bc.

Robert Harding Picture Library: Alain Evrard 292-3b; Peter Groenendijk 316-7t; James Hager 28cl, 252tr; Frans Lanting 71tr, 201b; Londolozi Images 36-7b, 37c; Eric Nathan 26tl; Franziska Ritter 114-5; James Strachan 45crb, 312t; Ann & Steve Toon 294t, 321cra; Alex Treadway 13cr; Ian Trower 20t, 39crb, 270-1.

Science Photo Library: Natural History Museum, London 60clb; Shelia Terry 60bc.

Shutterstock: Hang Dinh 146-7; Mbuso Sydwell Nkosi 286bl; Grobler du Preez 302br.

Spier Wine Farm: 51tr, 176crb.

Stellensbosch University Museum: 174bl.

Wine Village - Hermanus: 58crb.

Front flap:
4Corners: Justin Foulkes cla; Alamy Stock Photo: David Buzzard bl; Martin Strmiska cra; Tierfotoagentur / W. Schaefer br; Getty Images: EyeEm / Juergen Wallstabe c; iStockphoto.com: SundariJi t.

Cover images:
Front and spine: Dreamstime.com: Lukas Bischoff.
Back: AWL Images: Ian Trower cla; Dreamstime.com: Lukas Bischoff b, Siegfried Schnepf c; Getty Images: 500Px Plus / Ryan Jack tr.

For further information see: www.dkimages.com

CONTRIBUTORS

Print

Main Contributors Philip Briggs, Michael Brett, Brian-Johnson-Barker, Mariëlle Renssen
Senior Editor Ankita Awasthi Tröger
Senior Designer Laura O’Brien, Bess Daly
Project Editor Elspeth Beidas
Project Art Editor Ben Hinks
Designers Van Anh Le, Ian Midson, Sarah Snelling
Factchecker Lizzie Williams
Editors Rachel Thompson, Sylvia Tombesi-Walton
Proofreader Debra Wolter
Indexer Hilary Bird
Senior Picture Researcher Ellen Root
Picture Research Sophie Basilevitch, Sumita Khatwani, Aditya Katyal, Harriet Whitaker
Illustrators Bruce Beyer, Annette Busse, Bruno de Robillard, Steven Felmore, Noel McCully, Dave Snook
Cartographic Editor James Macdonald
Cartography Zafar ul Islam Khan, John Loubser, Animesh Pathak
Jacket Designers Maxine Pedliham, Bess Daly, Tania Gomes
Jacket Picture Research Susie Peachey
Senior DTP Designer Jason Little
DTP George Nimmo
Producer Rebecca Parton
Managing Editor Hollie Teague
Art Director Maxine Pedliham
Publishing Director Georgina Dee

eBOOK

Digital Programme Manager Miguel Cunha
Senior Manager Lakshmi Rao
Producer Suruchi Kakkar
Techno Editor Sheetal Dayal
Software Engineer Rachana Kishore
Production Manager Nain Singh Rawat
Production Coordinator Manish Bhatt
Editor Manjari Thakur

The information in this DK Eyewitness Travel Guide is checked regularly.

Every effort has been made to ensure that this book is as up-to-date as possible at the time of going to press. Some details, however, such as telephone numbers, opening hours, prices, gallery hanging arrangements and travel information, are liable to change. The publishers cannot accept responsibility for any consequences arising from the use of this book, nor for any material on third party websites, and cannot guarantee that any website address in this book will be a suitable source of travel information. We value the views and suggestions of our readers very highly. Please write to: Publisher, DK Eyewitness Travel Guides, Dorling Kindersley, 80 Strand, London, WC2R 0RL, UK, or email: [email protected]

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