Appendix E. Themodynamic Properties

E.1. Thermochemical Data

The heat capacity coefficients are used in the equation:

CP = A + BT + CT2 + DT3

where T is in K and CP in J/mol-K The heat capacities tabulated on the back flap are only suitable for quick order of magnitude calculations. The full form of the heat capacity should be used when possible.

Note that the value of the heat capacity at room temperature is not given by the first coefficient A when other coefficients are present. The polynomial should not be truncated.

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E.2. Latent Heats

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E.3. Antoine Constants

The following constants are for the equation

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where Psat is in mmHg, and T is in Celsius. Additional Antoine constants are tabulated in Antoine.xls.

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E.4. Henry’s Constant with Water as Solvent

Selected from the compilation of Sander. KH(T) = H exp(d(ln(KH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) – 1/(298.15 K))

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E.5. Dielectric Constant for Water

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E.6. Dissociation Constants of Polyprotic Acids

The constants are at 25°C and I = 0.

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Triprotic: o-phosphoric acid, 2.148, 7.198, 12.375.

Tetraprotic: citric acid, 3.128, 4.761, 6.396, ~16?(hydroxyl)

E.7. Standard Reduction Potentials

All species are at 298.15 K and 1 bar aqueous unless otherwise noted. Gases are at 1 bar partial pressure and pressure is measured in bar. The molal standard state is used for soluble species, with a molal activity coefficient of one at infinite dilution. For water the standard state composition is pure water. The temperature coefficients permit calculation of E°T = E°298.15 + (dE°/dT)(T – 298.15). This small subset is representative.

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E.8. Biochemical Data

Standard state for soluble species is an ideal solution at 1 M except for water, which is relative to the Lewis-Randall standard state. The data are for the untransformed Gibbs energies and enthalpies.

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E.9. Properties of Water1

I. Saturation Temperature

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II. Saturation Pressure

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III. Superheated Steam

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IV. Compressed Liquid

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E.10. Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram for Methane

(Source: NIST, Thermophysics Division, Boulder, CO, USA, used with permission.)

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E.11. Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram for Propane

(Source: NIST, Thermophysics Division, Boulder, CO, USA, used with permission.)

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E.12. Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram for R134a (1,1,1,2-Tetraflouroethane)

(Source: NIST, Thermophysics Division, Boulder, CO, USA, used with permission.)

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Properties of Saturated HFC-134a.

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Abstracted from R. Tillner-Roth; H. D. Baehr, 1994. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 23:657.

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