Credits

Page xxiii: “The petroleum geologist is vital to the economic security of … experience of both, they have combined to write a text that will quickly become the ‘Bible’ of subsurface mapping.” Frank W. Harrison, Jr., Consulting Geologist, Past President AAPG (1981-82)

Page xxiv: “The daily life of geoscientists includes only … fortunate to have the skills of Dan Tearpock and Richard Bischke because both of these authors are passionate about their subject and dedicated to sharing their ideas with others.” Dr. Richard S. Bishop, Past President AAPG (1998-1999)

Page xxiv: “Geoscientists must visualize the unknown … celebrated good science serving human needs in a business context.” Dr. Charles A. Sternbach, Consulting Geologist, Past President AAPG

Page 4: “If something can go wrong it will,” Murphy’s Law.

Page 11, Figure 2-1: Modified from Appelbaum. Geological & Engineering Mapping of Subsurface: A workshop course by Robert Appelbaum. Published by permission of Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Page 11, Figure 2-2: Modified from Appelbaum. Geological & Engineering Mapping of Subsurface: A workshop course by Robert Appelbaum. Published by permission of Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Page 15, Figure 2-5: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 15, Figure 2-6: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 19, Figure 2-10: Modified from Bishop 1960, Subsurface Mapping: New York, John Wiley & Sons, 198 p. Published by permission of author.

Page 20, Figure 2-12: Modified from Bishop 1960, Subsurface Mapping: New York, John Wiley & Sons, 198 p. Published by permission of author.

Page 22, Figure 2-14: Modified from Bishop 1960, Subsurface Mapping: New York, John Wiley & Sons, 198 p. Published by permission of author.

Page 22, Figure 2-15: Modified from Bishop 1960, Subsurface Mapping: New York, John Wiley & Sons, 198 p. Published by permission of author.

Page 23, Figure 2-16: Reproduced from Analysis of Geologic Structures by John M. Dennison, by permission of W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Copyright 1968 by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Page 25, Figure 2-17: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 26, Figure 2-18: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 28, Figure 2-19: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 28, Figure 2-20: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 29, Figure 2-21: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 30, Figure 2-22: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 31, Figure 2-23: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 32, Figure 2-24: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 33, Figure 2-25: AAPG©1991, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 34, Figure 2-26: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 34, Figure 2-27: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 35, Figure 2-28: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 35, Figure 2-29: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 36, Figure 2-30: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 37, Figure 2-31: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 38, Figure 2-32: From Thompson et al. 2017. Published by permission of Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Page 38, Figure 2-33: From Thompson et al. 2017. Published by permission of Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Page 39, Figure 2-34: From Thompson et al. 2017. Published by permission of Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Page 40, Figure 2-35: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 41, Figure 2-36: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 41, Figure 2-37: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 42, Figure 2-38: Published by permission of Scientific Computer Applications, Inc.

Page 44, Figure 2-39: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 44, Figure 2-40: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 45, Figure 2-41a: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 45, Figure 2-41b: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 46, Figure 2-42a: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 46, Figure 2-42b: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 47, Figure 2-43a: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 47, Figure 2-43b: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 48, Figure 2-44: Published by permission of Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 51, Table 3-1: Bolt, H., 2015, Wireline Depth Determination, Rev. 4.0, 110 p.

Page 52, Figure 3-1: Bolt, H., 2015, Wireline Depth Determination, Rev. 4.0, 110 p. Published with permission from Harald Bolt.

Page 53, Figure 3-2: Published with permission of J. Brenneke.

Page 55, Figure 3-3: Published with permission of J. Brenneke.

Page 56, Figure 3-4: Storey, M., 2013, Is well depth underestimated?: Oilfield Technology, v.6, no. 8, p. 29–32. Published by Oilfield Technology

Page 57, Figure 3-5: Jamieson, A., 2012, Introduction to Wellbore Positioning, V09.10.17, 247 p, image courtesy of Pegasus Vertex, Inc.

Page 58, Figure 3-6a: Pineda, W., and Bergeron, J., 2017, Understanding wireline depth control in wells with high cable tension and best practices to account for wireline stretch while performing stationary measurements: SPWLA 58th Annual Logging Symposium, June 17–21, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Published with permission of Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts.

Page 58, Figure 3-6b: Pineda, W., and Bergeron, J., 2017, Understanding wireline depth control in wells with high cable tension and best practices to account for wireline stretch while performing stationary measurements: SPWLA 58th Annual Logging Symposium, June 17–21, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Published with permission of Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts.

Page 58, Figure 3-7: Pedersen, B. K., and M. V. Constable, 2006, Operational procedures and methodology for improving LWD and wireline depth control, Kristen Field, Norwegian Sea: SPWLA 47th Annual Logging Symposium, June 4–7, Veracruz, Mexico. Published with permission of Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts.

Page 59, Figure 3-8a: Chia, C. R., Laastad, H., Kostin, A., Hjortland, F. and Bordakov, G., 2006, A New Method for Improving LWD Logging Depth, SPE 102175, 2006 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Published with permission of Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Page 59, Figure 3-8b: Chia, C. R., Laastad, H., Kostin, A., Hjortland, F. and Bordakov, G., 2006, A New Method for Improving LWD Logging Depth, SPE 102175, 2006 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Published with permission of Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Page 61, Figure 3-9a: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 61, Figure 3-9b: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 61, Figure 3-9c: published by permission of J. Brewton.

Page 63:, Figure 3-10: Published by permission of Eastman Christensen.

Page 63, Figure 3-11: From Leroy, L. W., D. O. Leroy, and J. W. Raese, eds., 1977, Subsurface Geology, fourth ed.: Golden, CO, Colorado School of Mines, 941 p.. Published by permission of the Colorado School of Mines.

Page 64, Figure 3-12: Data from Baker Hughes website. (published with permission of J. Brenneke).

Page 65, Figure 3-13a: Published by permission of Gardes Directional Drilling.

Page 65, Figure 3-13b: Published by permission of Gardes Directional Drilling.

Page 66, Figure 3-14: Published by permission of Gardes Directional Drilling.

Page 67, Figure 3-15: Published by permission of Eastman Christensen

Page 70, Figure 3-17: Published by permission of Gardes Directional Drilling.

Page 72, Figure 3-18: Wolff, C. J. M., and J. P. De Wardt, 1981, Borehole position uncertainty – analysis of measuring methods and deviation of systematic error model: Journal of Petroleum Technology, v. 33, p. 2339–2350. Published by permission of the Journal of Petroleum Technology and Gyrodata, Inc.

Page 74, Figure 3-20: Wolff, C. J. M., and J. P. De Wardt, 1981, Borehole position uncertainty – analysis of measuring methods and deviation of systematic error model: Journal of Petroleum Technology, v. 33, p. 2339–2350. Published by permission of the Journal of Petroleum Technology and Gyrodata, Inc.

Page 75, Figure 3-21: Jamieson, A., 2012, Introduction to Wellbore Positioning, V09.10.17, 247 p.

Page 78, Figure 3-25: Published by permission of Gardes Directional Drilling.

Page 79, Figure 3-26: Modified after Stigant, J., 2012. Geospatial Data Quality and Mapping in Shale Plays – Technical and Business Impact, Search and Discovery Article #40940., Used with permission of American Association of Petroleum Geologists [AAPG].

Page 80, Figure 3-27: Cribbs, B., 2009, Practical Wellbore Formation Test Interpretation, Search and Discovery Article 120009, 20 pages.

Page 87, Figure 4-4: Published by permission of Texaco USA.

Page 88, Figure 4-5: Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 103, Figure 4-15a: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 103, Figure 4-15b: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 103, Figure 4-15c: Published by permission of J. Brewton.

Page 114, Figure 4-21: Published by permission of D. Tearpock and R. Bischke.

Page 116: Figure 4-22: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 124, Figure 4-25: From Tearpock 1999. Published by permission of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation.

Page 125, Figure 4-26: From Tearpock 1999, Rebuttal to Expert Witness Reports of John C. Davis, Michael J. Economides, Jack C. Goldstein, and Harry F. Manbeck, Jr.: Union Pacific Resources Company, Plaintiff v. Chesapeake Energy Corporation and Chesapeake Operating, Inc., Defendants. C.A. No. 4–96CV-726-Y, Deposition Exhibit 10, Tearpock.Published by permission of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation.

Page 126, Figure 4-27: From Tearpock 1999, Rebuttal to Expert Witness Reports of John C. Davis, Michael J. Economides, Jack C. Goldstein, and Harry F. Manbeck, Jr.: Union Pacific Resources Company, Plaintiff v. Chesapeake Energy Corporation and Chesapeake Operating, Inc., Defendants. C.A. No. 4–96CV-726-Y, Deposition Exhibit 10, Tearpock. Published by permission of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation.

Page 127, Figure 4-28: From Tearpock 1999, Rebuttal to Expert Witness Reports of John C. Davis, Michael J. Economides, Jack C. Goldstein, and Harry F. Manbeck, Jr.: Union Pacific Resources Company, Plaintiff v. Chesapeake Energy Corporation and Chesapeake Operating, Inc., Defendants. C.A. No. 4–96CV-726-Y, Deposition Exhibit 10, Tearpock. From Tearpock 1999. Published by permission of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation.

Page 128, Figure 4-29: From Kyte, D. G., D. N. Meehan, and T. R. Svor, 1994, Method of maintaining a borehole in a stratigraphic zone during drilling: United States Patent 5,311,951 (May 17, 1994). Published by permission of Anadarko Petroleum Corporation.

Page 130, Figure 4-30: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 133, Figure 4-31: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 135, Figure 4-32: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 137, Figure 4-33: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 141, Figure 4-38: Published by permission of Texaco, USA.

Page 142, Figure 4-39: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 152, Figure 4-45: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 153, Figure 4-46: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 154, Figure 4-47: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 159, Figure 5-3: Herron, D. A., 2011, First Steps in Seismic Interpretation, Geophysical Monograph Series Number 16, Society of Exploration Geophysics, 203 p. Published by permission of Society of Economic Geophysicists.

Page 161, Figure 5-5: Published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 162, Figure 5-7: After Anstey 1982. Simple Seismics for the Petroleum Geologist, the Reservoir Engineer, the Well-Log Analyst, the Processing Technician, and the Man in the Field: Boston, International Human Resources Development Corporation Press, 168 p. Published by permission of the International Human Resources Development Corporation Press.

Page 164, Figure 5-8: Published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 172, Figure 5-15a: Seismic line published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 174, Figure 5-16: From Badley, M. E., 1985, Practical Seismic Interpretation: Boston, International Human Resources Development Corporation Press, 266 p, provided by Merlin Profilers, Ltd.

Page 178, Figure 5-19: Seismic data published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 179, Figure 5-20: Seismic data published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 180, Figure 5-21: Seismic data published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 186, Figure 5-26: Seismic data published by permission of TGS/GECO.

Page 190, Figure 5-29: Published by permission of J. Brenneke.

Page 199, Figure 6-1: Modified from Oil and Gas Fields of Southeast Louisiana, v. 3, 1983. Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 200, Figure 6-2: Modified from Oil and Gas Fields of Southeast Louisiana, v. 3, 1983. Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 203, Figure 6-5: Reprinted from Oil and Gas Fields of Southeast Louisiana, v. 3, 1983. Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 205, Figure 6-6: From Mannhard and Busch 1974; AAPG©1974, reprinted by permission of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) whose permission is required for further use.

Page 207, Figure 6-7: Potter, P. E., 1963, Late Paleozoic sandstones of the Illinois Basin: Illinois State Geological Survey, Report of Investigations 217, 92 p.

Page 222, Figure 6-16: Modified from Lamerson 1982. Published by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.

Page 225, Figure 6-18: Modified from Suter 1947; AAPG©1947, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 227, Figure 6-19: From Langstaff and Morrill 1981. Published by permission of the International Human Resources Development Corporation Press.

Page 227, Figure 6-20: Modified from Langstaff and Morrill 1981. Published by permission of the International Human Resources Development Corporation Press.

Page 228, Figure 6-21: Modified from Brown 1984a.reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 229, Figure 6-22: Modified from Brown 1984a. AAPG©1984a reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 230, Figure 6-23: From W. Brown 1984a; AAPG © 1984. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 231, Figure 6-24: Modified from W. Brown 1984a; AAPG©1984. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 232, Figure 6-25: Modified from W. Brown 1984a; AAPG©1984. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 233, Figure 6-27: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 234, Figure 6-28: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 235, Figure 6-29: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 238, Figure 6-32: From Offshore Louisiana Oil and Gas Fields, v. II, 1988. Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 246, Figure 6-36: Modified after Bower 1947; AAPG©1947, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 247, Figure 6-37: Published by permission of Texaco USA.

Page 248, Figure 6-38: Modified from Boeckelman, unpublished. Published by permission of author.

Page 249, Figure 6-39: From Langstaff and Morrill 1981. Published by permission of the International Human Resources Development Corporation Press.

Page 249, Figure 6-40: From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 251, Figure 6-41: From Langstaff and Morrill 1981. Published by permission of the International Human Resources Development Corporation Press.

Page 252, Figure 6-42: From Boeckelman, unpublished. Published by permission of author.

Page 253, Figure 6-43: From Boeckelman, unpublished. Published by permission of author.

Page 255, Figure 6-44: From Boeckelman, unpublished. Published by permission of author.

Page 257, Figure 6-46: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 258, Figure 6-47: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 260, Figure 6-48: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 261, Figure 6-49: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 262, Figure 6-50: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 263, Figure 6-51: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 264, Figure 6-52: Published by permission of W. C. Ross and A2D Technologies.

Page 266, Figure 6-53: Broussard, M. J., and B. E. Lock, 1995, Modern analytical techniques for fault surface seal analysis: A Gulf Coast case history: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 45, p. 87–93. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 266, Figure 6-54: Broussard, M. J., and B. E. Lock, 1995, Modern analytical techniques for fault surface seal analysis: A Gulf Coast case history: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 45, p. 87–93. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 267, Figure 6-55: Broussard, M. J., and B. E. Lock, 1995, Modern analytical techniques for fault surface seal analysis: A Gulf Coast case history: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 45, p. 87–93. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 268, Figure 6-56: After Broussard and Lock 1995. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 269, Figure 6-57: Published by permission of Badley Earth Sciences.

Page 270, Figure 6-58: Published by permission of Badley Earth Sciences.

Page 271, Figure 6-59: Published by permission of Badley Earth Sciences.

Page 271, Figure 6-60: Published by permission of Badley Earth Sciences.

Page 272, Figure 6-61: Modified from Shoup 2017, personal communication. Used with permission of R. Shoup.

Page 273, Figure 6-62: Shoup, R., 2017. Geological Cross Sections; Combining Geologic Models and Best Practices to Finding and Exploiting Reserves, Hidden Potential in Mature Basins: Play Analogs and Best Practices, Geosciences Technology Workshop, 13-14 September 2017, Bandung, Indonesia, used with permission of Dr. Tony Swiecicki.

Page 274, Figure 6-63: From Norvick 2001. Published with permission from M. S. Norvick.

Page 276, Figure 7-1: Harding, T. P., and J. D. Lowell, 1979, Structural styles, their plate-tectonic habitats, and hydrocarbon traps in petroleum provinces: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 63, p. 1016–1058. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 277: “Probably no portion of geologic literature has a more confused terminology than that dealing with faults.” Straley, W. H., III, 1932, Some notes on the nomenclature of faults: Studies for Students: Chicago, University of Chicago, p. 756–763

Page 278, Figure 7-2: Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 281, Figure 7-3: Modified from Billings 1972, Structural Geology, third ed.: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 606. Published by permission of Pearson Education, Inc.

Page 281, Figure 7-4: Published by permission of D. Tearpock and R. Bischke.

Page 282, Figure 7-5: Published by permission of D. Tearpock and R. Bischke.

Page 284, Figure 7-6: Published by permission of D. Tearpock and R. Bischke.

Page 286, Figure 7-7: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 287, Figure 7-8: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 289, Figure 7-9: Modified from Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 296, Figure 7-12: Published by permission of Sandefer Oil and Gas, Inc

Page 297, Figure 7-13: Modified from Hooper, N. J., J. G. M. Raven, and M. J. Kilpatrick, 1992, Computer modeling of multiple surfaces with faults: The Ivanhoe Field, Outer Moray Firth Basin, U.K. North Sea, in Hamilton, D. E., and T. A. Jones, eds., American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Computer Applications in Geology No. 1, p. 161–174. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 301, Figure 7-16: Published by permission of Texaco, USA.

Page 306: “zone of combined throw”, Dickinson, G., 1954, Subsurface interpretation of intersecting faults and their effects upon stratigraphic horizons: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 38, no. 5, p. 854–877

Page 308, Figure 7-22: Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published with permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 309, Figure 7-23: Published by permission of D. Tearpock and J. Brewton.

Page 310, Figure 7-24: Published by permission of Texaco, USA.

Page 311, Figure 7-25: Dickinson, G., 1954, Subsurface interpretation of intersecting faults and their effects upon stratigraphic horizons: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 38, no. 5, p. 854–877. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 314, Figure 7-26: Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 314, Figure 7-27: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 315, Figure 7-28: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 321, Figure 7-32: From Lamerson 1982. Published by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.

Page 323, Figure 7-33: Lamerson 1982. Published by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.

Page 324, Figure 7-34: Modified after Rowan and Linares 2000; AAPG©2000. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 325, Figure 7-35: Prepared by C. Harmon. From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 326, Figure 7-36: Prepared by C. Harmon. Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 328, Figure 7-37: Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of TGS Offshore Geophysical Company and Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 330, Figure 7-38: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 331, Figure 7-39: Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 332, Figure 7-40a: Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 332, Figure 7-40b: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 334, Figure 7-41: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 336, Figure 7-42: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 337, Figure 7-43: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 344, Figure 7-47: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 350, Figure 7-50: Published by permission of Texaco, USA.

Page 352, Figure 7-51: Published by permission of Texaco, USA.

Page 355, Figure 8-1: From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by Tenneco Oil Company

Page 356, Figure 8-2: From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 359, Figure 8-5: From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 360, Figure 8-6: Modified after Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 361, Figure 8-7: From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 364, Figure 8-9: Modified after Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 367, Figure 8-11: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 369, Figure 8-12: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 370, Figure 8-13: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 372, Figure 8-14: Published by permission of D. Tearpock and R. Bischke.

Page 373, Figure 8-15: Published by permission of Tearpock and Bischke.

Page 374, Figure 8-16: Published by permission of Tearpock and Bischke.

Page 386, Figure 8-23d: published by permission of J. Brenneke.

Page 392, Figure 8-27: Prepared by J. Bollick. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 395, Figure 8-29: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 397, Figure 8-30a: Modified after Bishop 1960; Published by permission of author

Page 397, Figure 8-30c: Modified after Bishop 1960; Published by permission of author

Page 397, Figure 8-30f: From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author

Page 401, Figure 8-32: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 404, Figure 8-33: Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by Tenneco Oil Company

Page 405, Figure 8-36: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 407, Figure 8-37: Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 409, Figure 8-38: Published by permission of Tearpock et al. 1994.

Page 410, Figure 8-39: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 412, Figure 8-40: Prepared by C. Harmon. Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 415, Figure 8-42a: Herron, D. A., Latimer, R. B., & Society of Exploration Geophysicists. (2011). First steps in seismic interpretation. Tulsa, Okla: Society of Exploration Geophysicists. Published with permission from Society of Economic Geophysicists, seismic courtesy of PGS.

Page 415, Figure 8-42b: From Herron 2011, First steps in Seismic Interpretation. Published with permission from Society of Economic Geophysicists, seismic courtesy of PGS

Page 416, Figure 8-43: From Geology of Petroleum, first ed. By A. I. Levorsen, Copyright 1954 by W. H. Freeman and Company. Reprinted by permission.)

Page 425, Figure 8-50: Modified from Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 426, Figure 8-51: Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 427: “map each fault block separately and independently using the available well or seismic control. Each contoured fault block must be individually integrated with the fault surface map for the displacing fault to determine the upthrown and downthrown fault traces”. From Tearpock and Harris 1987. Published by Tenneco Oil Company

Page 428, Figure 8-52: From Santiago-Acevedo, J., 1980, Giant fields of the Southern Zone, Mexico: in Halbouty, M. T., ed., Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the decade 1968–1978: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 30, p. 339–385.; AAPG©1980, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 440, Figure 8-56: Published by permission of the Lafayette Geological Society.

Page 441, Figure 8-57: Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 446, Figure 8-59: From Dickinson 1954; AAPG ©1954. reprinted by permission of the APPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 447, Figure 8-60: Modified from Dickinson 1954; AAPG©1954. reprinted by permission of the APPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 450, Figure 8-63: Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 452, Figure 8-64: Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 453, Figure 8-65: From Atwater and Forman 1959; AAPG©1959, reprinted by permission of the APPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 455, Figure 8-66: From Seni and Jackson 1983; AAPG©1983, reprinted by permission of the AAPG

Page 456, Figure 8-67: From Remmelts 1995; AAPG©1995, published by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use

Page 456, Figure 8-68: From Salt Domes, by Michel T. Halbouty. Copyright 1979 by Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas. Used with permission. All rights reserved

Page 457, Figure 8-69: Published by permission of the New Orleans Geological Society.

Page 459, Figure 8-71: Published by permission of the Lafayette Geological Society.

Page 460, Figure 8-72: From Salt Domes, by Michel T. Halbouty. Copyright 1979 by Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas. Used with permission. All rights reserved

Page 461, Figure 8-74a: From Stone 1969. Reprinted by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.

Page 461, Figure 8-74b: From Bell, W. G., 1956, Tectonic setting of Happy Springs and nearby structures in the Sweetwater Uplift area, central Wyoming, in Geological Record of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Rocky Mountain Section.; AAPG©1956. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 461, Figure 8-74c: From Brown 1982; AAPG©1982. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 464, Figure 8-76: Modified from Harding 1973; AAPG©1973. reprinted by permission of the APPG whose permission is required for further use

Page 465, Figure 8-77: After Mayuga, M. N., 1970, Geology and development of California’s giant – Wilmington Oil Field, in Halbouty, M. T., ed., Geology of Giant Petroleum Fields: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 14, p. 158–184.; AAPG©1970. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 466, Figure 8-78: From Lamerson, P. R., 1982, The Fossil Basin and its relationship to the Absaroka thrust system, Wyoming and Utah, in Powers, R. B., ed., Geologic Studies of the Cordilleran Thrust Belt: Denver, CO, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, p. 279–340. Reprinted by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.

Page 470, Figure 8-80a: Modified from Bishop 1960. From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 471, Figure 8-80c: From Bishop 1960. Published by permission of author.

Page 472, Figure 8-81: From Rowan, M. G., and R. Linares, 2000, Fold evolution matrices and axial surface analysis of fault bend folds: Application to the Medina Anticline, eastern Cordillera, Colombia: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 84, p. 741–764. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 474, Figure 8-82: From Lamerson, P. R., 1982, The Fossil Basin and its relationship to the Absaroka thrust system, Wyoming and Utah, in Powers, R. B., ed., Geologic Studies of the Cordilleran Thrust Belt: Denver, CO, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, p. 279–340. Reprinted by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists.

Page 475: “movable water above the transition zone that is not directly connected to the actual free-water table of a given hydrocarbon column”, Gaafar et al. (2016)

Page 476, Figure 8-83: Modified after Weber, 1995

Page 476, Figure 8-84: Modified after Weber 1995

Page 477, Figure 8-85: Modified after Kendrick 2000

Page 477, Figure 8-86: Modified after Fugitt et al 2000

Page 482, Figure 9-1: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 482, Figure 9-2: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 483, Figure 9-3: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 483, Figure 9-4: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 484, Figure 9-5: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 484, Figure 9-6: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 484, Figure 9-7: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 484, Figure 9-8: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 485, Figure 9-9: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 485, Figure 9-10: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 485, Figure 9-11: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 486, Figure 9-12a: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 486, Figure 9-12b: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 487, Figure 9-13: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 489: “Teams don’t plan to fail, they fail to plan”, Tearpock, D. J., 1997, Project Management and Synergistic Team Development: Short Course Training Manual, Subsurface Consultants & Associates, LLC.

Page 491, Figure 9-14: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd

Page 492, Figure 9-15: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd

Page 493, Figure 9-16: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd

Page 493, Figure 9-17: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd

Page 494, Figure 9-18: Data published with permission from CGG Land

Page 495, Figure 9-19: Data published with permission from CGG Land

Page 496, Figure 9-20: Data published with permission from CGG Land

Page 496, Figure 9-21: Data published with permission from CGG Land

Page 497, Figure 9-22: Data published with permission from CGG Land

Page 498, Figure 9-23: Data published with permission from CGG Land

Page 500, Figure 9-24: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 502, Figure 9-25: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 503, Figure 9-26: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 504, Figure 9-27: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 505, Figure 9-28: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 506, Figure 9-29: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 506, Figure 9-30: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 506, Figure 9-31: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 506, Figure 9-32: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 507, Figure 9-33: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 508, Figure 9-34: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 508, Figure 9-35: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 509, Figure 9-36: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 510, Figure 9-37: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 511, Figure 9-38: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 512, Figure 9-39: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 512, Figure 9-40: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 512, Figure 9-41: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 513, Figure 9-42: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 513, Figure 9-43: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 514, Figure 9-44: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 514, Figure 9-45: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 515, Figure 9-46: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 515, Figure 9-47: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 516, Figure 9-48: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Page 517, Figure 9-49: Seismic data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 518, Figure 9-50: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 518, Figure 9-51: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 519, Figure 9-52: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 519, Figure 9-53: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 520, Figure 9-54: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 521, Figure 9-55: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 522, Figure 9-56: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 522, Figure 9-57: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 523, Figure 9-58: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 524, Figure 9-59: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 524, Figure 9-60: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 526, Figure 9-61: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 526, Figure 9-62: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 527, Figure 9-63: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 528, Figure 9-64: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 529, Figure 9-65: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 529, Figure 9-66: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 530, Figure 9-67: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 531, Figure 9-68: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 532, Figure 9-69: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 532, Figure 9-70: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 533, Figure 9-71: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 534, Figure 9-72: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 534, Figure 9-73: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 535, Figure 9-74: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 535, Figure 9-75: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 535, Figure 9-76: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 536, Figure 9-77: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 537, Figure 9-78: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 538, Figure 9-79: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Page 542, Figure 10-2: Modified after Rich 1934; AAPG©1934. reprinted by permission of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) whose permission is required for further use.

Page 547, Figure 10-5: Modified after Dahlstrom 1969. Published by permission of the National Research Council of Canada.)

Page 549, Figure 10-6: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 550, Figure 10-7: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 552, Figure 10-8: Published by permission of D. Roeder 1983.

Page 554: “As to the interpretations presented, the reader … a seismic background that illustrate an author’s concept”, Bally, A. W., 1983, Seismic Expression of Structural Styles: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Studies in Geology Series No. 15, v. 3., p. 167–172

Page 555, Figure 10-9: From Bally, A. W., 1983, Seismic Expression of Structural Styles: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Studies in Geology Series No. 15, v. 3., p. 167–172; AAPG©1983, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 556, Figure 10-10: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 559, Figure 10-11: Bally, A. W., P. L. Gordy, and G. A. Stewart, 1966, Structure, seismic data, and orogenic evolution of southern Canadian Rocky Mountains: Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 14, p. 337–381. Published by permission of the Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists.

Page 560, Figure 10-12: From Boyer, S. E., 1986, Styles of folding within thrust sheets: examples from Appalachian and Rocky Mountains of the U.S.A. and Canada: Journal of Structural Geology, v. 8, p. 325–339. Published by permission of the Journal of Structural Geology.

Page 561, Figure 10-13: Published by permission of the Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin; edited by Hardage et al. 1998. (Interpretation by R. Bischke)

Page 562, Figure 10-14a: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 563, Figure 10-14b: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 563, Figure 10-15: Published by permission of the Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin; edited by Hardage et al. 1998. (Modified by R. Bischke)

Page 564, Figure 10-16: Published by Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin, Edited by Hardage, Major and Hentz, 1998, (Modified by R. Bischke)

Page 566, Figure 10-17a: Published by Permission of R. E. Bischke

Page 566, Figure 10-17b: Published by Permission of R. E. Bischke

Page 568: “folding and fault linkage [are] the probable causes of much of the variation in displacement- length scaling ratios observed in our data sets”,“fault interactions play a major role in the ultimate displacement profile geometries for thrust faults.” Bergen and Shaw 2010

Page 569, Figure 10-18: Published by permission of Ted Snedden.

Page 572, Figure 10-20: Modified after Elliott, D., 1976, The energy balance and deformation mechanisms of thrust sheets: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, v. 283, p. 289–312. Published by permission of the Royal Society of London.

Page 573, Figure 10-21: Modified from Marshak, S., and G. Mitra, 1988, Basic Methods of Structural Geology: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 446.

Page 577, Figure 10-23a: Modified after Suppe 1983, 1985. Published by American Journal of Science.

Page 577, Figure 10-23b: Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 579, Figure 10-25: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 580, Figure 10-26: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., R. E. Bischke, and J. L. Brewton, 1994, Quick Look Techniques for Prospect Evaluations: Lafayette, LA, Subsurface Consultants & Associates, 286 p.

Page 581, Figure 10-27: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., R. E. Bischke, and J. L. Brewton, 1994, Quick Look Techniques for Prospect Evaluations: Lafayette, LA, Subsurface Consultants & Associates, 286 p.

Page 582, Figure 10-28: From Bischke 1994. Published by permission of the Houston Geological Society.

Page 583, Figure 10-29: From Bischke 1994. Published by permission of the Houston Geological Society.

Page 585, Figure 10-30: Modified after Laubscher 1961; Suppe 1985. Published by Swiss Geological Society.

Page 586, Figure 10-31: Modified after Laubscher 1961

Page 590, Figure 10-32a: From Seismic Atlas of Australian and New Zealand Basins, Skilbeck and Lennox 1984. Reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 590, Figure 10-32b: Reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 591, Figure 10-33: Compliments of Jon Mosar.

Page 591, Figure 10-34: Published by permission of John Suppe.

Page 592, Figure 10-35: From Rich 1934; AAPG©1934. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 592, Figure 10-36: From Rich 1934; AAPG©1934, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 593, Figure 10-37: Modified after Suppe Geometry and kinematics of fault-bend folding: American Journal of Science, v. 283, p. 684–721. Published by permission of the American Journal of Science.

Page 595, Figure 10-38: From Suppe 1983, Geometry and kinematics of fault-bend folding: American Journal of Science, v. 283, p. 684–721. Published by permission of the American Journal of Science.

Page 597, Figure 10-40: From Suppe 1983, Geometry and kinematics of fault-bend folding: American Journal of Science, v. 283, p. 684–721. Published by permission of the American Journal of Science.

Page 599, Figure 10-41a: Interpretation by R. Bischke. After Sachnik and More in Bally (1988); AAPG©1988, Reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 599, Figure 10-41b: Storti et al. 2005. Reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 600, Figure 10-42: Suppe, J., 1985, Principles of Structural Geology: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 537.

Page 601, Figure 10-43: Modified after Suppe 1985 Principles of Structural Geology: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 537.

Page 603, Figure 10-44: Published by permission of John Suppe

Page 604, Figure 10-45: Published by permission of John Suppe

Page 604, Figure 10-46: Modified from Suppe 1985 Principles of Structural Geology: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 537.

Page 606, Figure 10-48: Published by permission of R. Bischke)( see the Preface for information about accessing the color versions of these figures

Page 608, Figure 10-49: Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 609, Figure 10-50: Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 609, Figure 10-51a: Morales M., E. Hung, and R. Bischke, 2005, Three-dimensional interpretation of the El Furrial trend, Eastern Venezuela Basin, Venezuela, in AAPG Seismic Interpretation of Contractional Fault-Related Folds, AAPG Seismic Atlas Studies in Geology #53, Part 2, p. 83-86.

Page 609, Figure 10-51b: Morales M., E. Hung, and R. Bischke, 2005, Three-dimensional interpretation of the El Furrial trend, Eastern Venezuela Basin, Venezuela, in AAPG Seismic Interpretation of Contractional Fault-Related Folds, AAPG Seismic Atlas Studies in Geology, p. 85.

Page 611, Figure 10-52: Morales et al. 2005, Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 611, Figure 10-53: Corredor et al., in Shaw et al. 2005, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 612, Figure 10-54: Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 613, Figure 10-55: Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 613, Figure 10-56: Boyer, 1986, Published by permission of R. Bischke

Page 614, Figure 10-57: Suppe, J., and D. A. Medwedeff, 1990, Geometry and kinematics of fault-propagation folding: Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, v. 83, p. 409–454. Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 615, Figure 10-58: Hughes and Shaw, 2014. Reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 615, Figure 10-59: Hughes and Shaw, 2014. Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 616, Figure 10-60: From Mitra, S., 1986, Duplex structures and imbricate thrust systems: Geometry, structural position, and hydrocarbon potential: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 70, p. 1087–1112.; AAPG©1986. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 619: TBL10-1: Published by permission of the American Journal of Science (Suppe 1983, Geometry and kinematics of fault-bend folding: American Journal of Science, v. 283, p. 684–721.).

Page 626, Figure 10-63: From Namson, J., 1981, Structure of the western Foothills Belt, Miaoli-Hsinchu area, Taiwan, (1) Southern Part: Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, no. 18, p. 31–51. Published by permission of the Chinese Petroleum Institute.

Page 627, Figure 10-64: From Namson, J., 1981, Structure of the western Foothills Belt, Miaoli-Hsinchu area, Taiwan, (1) Southern Part: Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, no. 18, p. 31–51. Published by permission of the Chinese Petroleum Institute.

Page 629, Figure 10-66: After Applegate and Ross, in Gries, R. R., and R. C. Dyer, eds., 1985, Seismic Exploration of the Rocky Mountain Region: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists and Denver Geophysical Society, 300. Published by permission of the Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists and the Denver Geophysical Society.

Page 630, Figure 10-67: Published by permission of Don Medwedeff, D. A., 1988, Structural analysis and tectonic significance of Late-Tertiary and Quaternary compressive- growth folding, San Joaquin Valley, California [Ph.D. thesis]: Princeton University, 184 p

Page 631, Figure 10-68: Published by permission of Don Medwedeff, D. A., 1988, Structural analysis and tectonic significance of Late-Tertiary and Quaternary compressive- growth folding, San Joaquin Valley, California [Ph.D. thesis]: Princeton University, 184 p

Page 631, Figure 10-69: Published by permission of Don Medwedeff, D. A., 1988, Structural analysis and tectonic significance of Late-Tertiary and Quaternary compressive- growth folding, San Joaquin Valley, California [Ph.D. thesis]: Princeton University, 184 p

Page 633, Figure 10-70: Modified after 1988, Short course on cross-section balancing in petroleum structural geology: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Published by permission of John Suppe.

Page 637, Figure 11-1: Published by permission of H. Xiao and J. Suppe.

Page 638, Figure 11-2: Modified after Suppe 1988, Short course on cross-section balancing in petroleum structural geology: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Published by permission of John Suppe.

Page 641, Figure 11-3: Modified after Suppe 1988, Short course on cross-section balancing in petroleum structural geology: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Published by permission of John Suppe.

Page 643, Figure 11-4: Published by permission of H. Xiao and J. Suppe.

Page 645, Figure 11-5: From Shaw, J. H., S. C. Hook, and E. P. Sitohang, 1997, Extensional fault-bend folding and synrift deposition: An example from the Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 81, p. 367–379; AAPG©1997, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 646, Figure 11-6: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 648, Figure 11-7: Modified after Hamblin, W. K., 1965, Origin of “reverse drag” on the downthrown side of normal faults: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 76, p. 1145–1164. Published by permission of the Geological Society of America.

Page 648, Figure 11-8: Modified from Xiao and Suppe 1992, Origin of rollover: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 76, p. 509–529. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Petroleum Geologists.

Page 655, Figure 11-12: Interpretation by R. Bischke. From Xiao and Suppe 1990. Published by permission of John Suppe

Page 656, Figure 11-13: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 658, Figure 11-14: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 659, Figure 11-15: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 662, Figure 11-16: Interpretation by R. Bischke. From Xiao and Suppe 1990. Unpublished work of Xiao and Suppe. Published by permission of John Suppe.

Page 663, Figure 11-17: Published by permission of Muzium Brunei.

Page 665, Figure 11-18: Published by permission of Jebco Seismic Inc., Houston, Texas, USA.

Page 667, Figure 11-19: Prepared by W. L. Keyser. Published by permission of Texaco USA, Eastern E & P Region.

Page 667, Figure 11-20: Published by permission of Texaco USA, Eastern E & P Region.

Page 667, Figure 11-21: Published by permission of Texaco USA, Eastern E & P Region.

Page 668, Figure 11-22: Modified after Shaw, J. H., S. C. Hook, and E. P. Sitohang, 1997, Extensional fault-bend folding and synrift deposition: An example from the Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 81, p. 367–379.; AAPG©1997. reprinted by permission of the APPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 669, Figure 11-23: From Ferrill, Stamatakos, and Simms 1998. Published by permission of Elsevier Science, Journal of Structural Geology.

Page 670, Figure 11-24: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 671, Figure 11-25: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 671, Figure 11-26: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 673, Figure 11-27: From Xiao and Suppe 1989, Role of compaction in the listric shape of growth normal faults: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, p. 777–786.; AAPG©1989. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 676, Figure 11-28: From Xiao and Suppe 1989, Role of compaction in the listric shape of growth normal faults: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, p. 777–786.; AAPG©1989. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 677, Figure 11-29: From Xiao and Suppe 1989, Role of compaction in the listric shape of growth normal faults: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, p. 777–786.; AAPG©1989. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 678, Figure 11-30: From Xiao and Suppe 1989, Role of compaction in the listric shape of growth normal faults: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, p. 777–786.; AAPG©1989. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 679, Figure 11-31: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 679, Figure 11-32: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 681, Figure 11-33: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 683, Figure 11-34: Bischke, R. E., and J. Suppe, 1990a, Calculating sand/shale ratios from growth normal fault dips on seismic profiles: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 40, p. 39–49, Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 684: “Note that fault plane dip steepens in sand formations”, Gow, K. L., 1962, Segno Field, Polk County, Texas, in Denham, R. L., ed., Typical Oil and Gas Fields of Southeast Texas: Houston, TX, Houston Geological Society, p. 187–191.

Page 684, Figure 11-35: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 685, Figure 11-36b: From Bischke and Tearpock 1993. Redrawn from Gow 1962. Published by permission of the Houston Geological Society.

Page 686, Figure 11-37: From Bischke and Tearpock 1993. Published by permission of the Houston Geological Society.

Page 689, Figure 11-38: Published by permission of John Suppe.

Page 690, Figure 11-39: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 691, Figure 11-40: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 692, Figure 11-41: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 698, Figure 11-42: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 698, Figure 11-43: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 699, Figure 11-44: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 701, Figure 11-45: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 703, Figure 11-46: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 704, Figure 11-47: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 705, Figure 11-48: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 706, Figure 11-49: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 707, Figure 11-50: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 707, Figure 11-51: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 708, Figure 11-52: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 710, Figure 11-53: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 710, Figure 11-54: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 711, Figure 11-55: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 712, Figure 11-56: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 713, Figure 11-57: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 714, Figure 11-58: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 715, Figure 11-59: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 716, Figure 11-60: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 717, Figure 11-61: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 718, Figure 11-62: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 719, Figure 11-63: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 720, Figure 11-64a: Published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Page 720, Figure 11-64b: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 726, Figure 12-2: Published by permission of Van Mount.

Page 727, Figure 12-3: From Mount, V. S. and J. Suppe 1992, Present-day stress orientations to active strike-slip faults: California and Sumatra: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, p. 11,995–12,013. Published by permission of the American Geophysical Union.

Page 728, Figure 12-4: From Mount and Suppe 1987 and 1992. Published by permission of Van Mount.

Page 729, Figure 12-5: From Xiaohan, L., 1983, Perturbations de contraintes liées aux structures cassantes dans les calcaires fins du Languedoc. Observations et simulations mathématiques [unpubl. 3 eme cycle thesis]: Montpellier, Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 130 p.; Guiraud, M., and M. Seguret, 1985, A releasing solitary overstep model for the Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous Soria strike-slip basin (northern Spain), in Biddle, K. T., and N. Christie-Blick, Strike-Slip Deformation, Basin Formation, and Sedimentation: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication No. 37, p. 159–175. Published by permission of the Society for Sedimentary Geology.

Page 729, Figure 12-5: From Xiaohan, L., 1983, Perturbations de contraintes liées aux structures cassantes dans les calcaires fins du Languedoc. Observations et simulations mathématiques [unpubl. 3 eme cycle thesis]: Montpellier, Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 130 p.

Page 729, Figure 12-5: Guiraud, M., and M. Seguret, 1985, A releasing solitary overstep model for the Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous Soria strike-slip basin (northern Spain), in Biddle, K. T., and N. Christie-Blick, Strike-Slip Deformation, Basin Formation, and Sedimentation: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication No. 37, p. 159–175. Published by permission of the Society for Sedimentary Geology.

Page 732, Figure 12-6: Bischke, R. E., J. Suppe, and R. del Pilar, 1990, A new branch of the Philippine Fault system, as observed from aeromagnetic and seismic data: Tectonophysics, v. 183, p. 243–264. Published by permission of the Philippine National Oil Company.

Page 733: “Drawn on a seismic background”, Bally, A. W., 1983, Seismic Expression of Structural Styles: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Studies in Geology Series No. 15, v. 3., p. 167–172.

Page 735, Figure 12-7: Suppe 1985, Principles of Structural Geology: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 537.

Page 735, Figure 12-8: Bischke, R. E., J. Suppe, and R. del Pilar, 1990, A new branch of the Philippine Fault system, as observed from aeromagnetic and seismic data: Tectonophysics, v. 183, p. 243–264. Published by permission of Tectonophysics.

Page 736, Figure 12-9: From Aydin and Nur 1985, The type and role of stepovers in strike-slip tectonics: in Biddle, K. T. and N. Christie-Blick, eds., Strike-Slip Deformation, Basin Formation, and Sedimentation: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication No. 37, p. 35–44. Published by permission of the Society for Sedimentary Geology.

Page 737: TBL12-1: Aydin, A., and A. Nur, 1982, Evolution of pull-apart basins and their scale independence: Tectonics, v. 1, p. 91–105. Published by permission of the American Geophysical Union

Page 740, Figure 12-10: Suppe 1985, Principles of Structural Geology: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, p. 537.

Page 741, Figure 12-11: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 743, Figure 12-12a: Modified from Wright, T. L., 1991, Structural geology and tectonic evolution of the Los Angeles basin, California, in Biddle, K. T., Active Margin Basins: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 52, p. 35–134.; AAPG”1991. reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use

Page 743, Figure 12-12b: Published by permission of J. Shaw and R. Bischke.

Page 744, Figure 12-13: Redrawn after Taylor, J. C., 1973, Recent developments at Signal Hill, Long Beach oil field: in Guidebook for the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Annual Meeting with the American Association of Petroleum Geologists and the Society of Economic Geophysicists, Field Trip 1, p. 16–25.

Page 744, Figure 12-14: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 747, Figure 12-15: Aydin, A., and A. Nur, 1982, Evolution of pull-apart basins and their scale independence: Tectonics, v. 1, p. 91–105. Published by permission of the American Geophysical Union.

Page 753, Figure 12-20: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 755, Figure 12-21: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 756, Figure 12-22: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 758, Figure 12-23: From Kelly 1971. Published by permission of the New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources.

Page 760: “wave-ripples, mudcrack casts, mammal tracks and arthropod burrows”, Smith (1982).

Page 759, Figure 12-24: From Crowell 2003a. Published by permission of the Geological Society of America.

Page 761, Figure 12-25: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 762, Figure 12-26: After May, R. S., K. D. Ehman, G. G. Gray and J. C. Crowell, 1993, A new angle on the tectonic evolution of the Ridge Basin, a “strike-slip” basin in Southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, p. 1357–1372. Published by permission of the Geological Society of America.

Page 763, Figure 12-27: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 764, Figure 12-28: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 766, Figure 12-29: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 768, Figure 12-30: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 769, Figure 12-31: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 770, Figure 12-32: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 772, Figure 12-33: From Nilsen, T. H., and R. J. McLaughlin, 1985, Comparison of tectonic framework and depositional patterns of the Hornelen strike-slip basins of Norway and the Ridge and Little Sulphur Creek strike-slip basins of California, in Biddle, K. T., and N. Christie-Blick., eds., Strike-slip Deformation, Basin Formation and Sedimentation: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication No. 37, p. 79–103. Published by permission of the Society for Sedimentary Geology.

Page 778, Figure 13-1: From Thorsen, C. E., 1963, Age of growth faulting in southeast Louisiana: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 13, p. 103–110. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 779, Figure 13-2: From Thorsen, C. E., 1963, Age of growth faulting in southeast Louisiana: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 13, p. 103–110. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 779, Figure 13-3: From Thorsen, C. E., 1963, Age of growth faulting in southeast Louisiana: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 13, p. 103–110. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 782, Figure 13-4: Modified from Bischke, R. E., and J. Suppe, 1990b, Geometry of rollover: Origin of complex arrays of antithetic and synthetic crestal faults (Abs.): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 74, p. 611. 1994b; AAPG©1994. published by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 784, Figure 13-5a: Published by permission of R. Bischke and D. Tearpock.

Page 784, Figure 13-5b: Published by permission of R. Bischke and D. Tearpock.

Page 784, Figure 13-5c: From Bischke 1994b; AAPG”1994, published by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 786, Figure 13-6: From Bischke, R. E., and J. Suppe 1994b, Interpreting sedimentary growth structures from well log and seismic data (with examples): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 7, p. 873–892. ; AAPG”1994, published by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 788, Figure 13-7: From Bischke, R. E., and J. Suppe, 1990b, Geometry of rollover: Origin of complex arrays of antithetic and synthetic crestal faults (Abs.): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 74, p. 611. 1994b; AAPG”1994, published by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 790, Figure 13-8: Bischke 1994; AAPG”1994, reprinted by permission of the AAPG whose permission is required for further use.

Page 792, Figure 13-9: From Bischke, R. E., and D. J. Tearpock, 1999, A graphical dip domain technique for projecting large growth faults to depth using imaged hanging wall structure: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 49, p. 112–120. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 793, Figure 13-10: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 799, Figure 13-14: From Sanchez, R., J. Y. Chatellier, R. de Sifontes, N. Parra, and P. Muñoz, 1997, Multiple Bischke Plot Analysis, a powerful method to distinguish between tectonic or sedimentary complexity and miscorrelations: Memoras del Primero Congreso Latinoamericano de Sedimentologia, Sociedad Venezolana de Geologos, Tomo II, p. 257–264. Published by permission of Latinoamericano de Sedimentologia, Sociedad Venezolana de Geologos.

Page 801, Figure 13-16: From Bischke, R. E., W. Finley and D. J. Tearpock, 1999, Growth analysis (Δd/d): Case histories of the resolution of correlation problems as encountered while mapping around salt: Transactions Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, v. 49, p. 102–110. Published by permission of the Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies.

Page 819, Figure 14-2: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Page Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 820, Figure 14-3: Published by permission of Texaco, USA.

Page 823, Figure 14-5: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 828, Figure 14-8: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 831, Figure 14-9: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 833, Figure 14-11: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 834, Figure 14-12: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 835, Figure 14-13: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 838, Figure 14-14: Published by permission of D. Tearpock.

Page 842, Figure 14-16: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 843, Figure 14-17: Modified from Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 844, Figure 14-18: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 844, Figure 14-19: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 852, Figure 14-25: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 853, Figure 14-27: From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company

Page 876, Figure 14-41: Modified from Dennis et al. 2000. Published with permission from Norwegian Petroleum Society.

Page 877, Figure 14-42: Modified from Hubbert 1953. Published by permission of J. Brenneke.

Page 878, Figure 14-43: Published by permission of J. Brenneke.

Page 884, Figure 14-45: Prepared by C. Harmon. From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 885, Figure 14-46: Prepared by C. Harmon. From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 886, Figure 14-47: Prepared by C. Harmon. From Tearpock, D. J., and J. Harris, 1987, Subsurface Geological Mapping Techniques – A Training Manual: Tenneco Oil Co. Published by permission of Tenneco Oil Company.

Page 803, Figure 13-17: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 805, Figure 13-18: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 806, Figure 13-19: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 807, Figure 13-20: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 808, Figure 13-21: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 809, Figure 13-22: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 809, Figure 13-23: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 810, Figure 13-24: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 811, Figure 13-25: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 812, Figure 13-26: Published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 813, Figure 13-27: Maps and seismic line published by permission of Texaco, Inc.; VS/d plot published by permission of R. Bischke.

Page 889, Figure APP-2: Reproduced from Analysis of Geologic Structures by John M. Dennison, by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Copyright©1968 by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Page 889, Figure APP-3: Reproduced from Analysis of Geologic Structures by John M. Dennison, by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Copyright©1968 by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Page 890, Figure APP-4: Reproduced from Analysis of Geologic Structures by John M. Dennison, by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Copyright©1968 by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Page 890, Figure APP-5: Reproduced from Analysis of Geologic Structures by John M. Dennison, by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Copyright©1968 by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Cover images: David C. Metzner

Cover: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

Cover: Data published with permission from Seitel Data Ltd.

Cover: Original figure drawn by Jim Brenneke.

Cover: Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Micah Reasnor. ©2020 Pioneer Natural Resources Company.

Cover: Data published with permission from CGG Land.

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